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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population

From: Disability, psychological distress and quality of life in relation to cancer diagnosis and cancer type: population-based Australian study of 22,505 cancer survivors and 244,000 people without cancer

  Cancer survivors (n = 22,505) Participants without cancer (n = 244,000) Total (n = 266,505)
Age group
 45–64 years 37% (8333) 64% (155,223) 163,556
 65–79 years 44% (9860) 27% (65,989) 75,849
 ≥ 80 years 19% (4312) 9% (22,788) 27,100
Male 56% (12,666) 45% (110,951) 123,617
University degree 19% (4302) 23% (57,161) 61,463
Residing in major cities 53% (11,970) 52% (127,085) 139,055
Australian born 78% (17,443) 75% (182,214) 199,657
Body mass index, kg/m2
 Overweight (25 to < 30) 38% (8482) 36% (88,825) 97,307
 Obese (30 to 50) 21% (4759) 22% (52,694) 57,453
Highest physical activity tertile 30% (6691) 34% (82,273) 88,964
Current smoker 5% (1048) 7% (18,244) 19,292
Past smoker 41% (9308) 36% (86,885) 96,193
≥ 15 alcoholic drinks per week 14% (3228) 14% (34,197) 37,425
Cardiovascular disease 25% (5567) 17% (40,372) 45,939
Diabetes 11% (2583) 9% (21,307) 23,890
Parkinson’s disease 1% (243) 1% (1430) 1673
Asthma 9% (2111) 10% (25,030) 27,141
Physical functioning limitations (MOS-PF score)
 Median score 85 95 95
 No limitation (100) 21% (4078) 35% (74,661) 78,739
 Minor limitations (90–99) 27% (5151) 29% (61,215) 66,366
 Moderate limitations (60–89) 31% (5885) 23% (49,437) 55,322
 Severe limitations (< 60) 21% (3911) 13% (26,717) 30,628
Psychological distress (K10 score)
 Median score 12 12 12
 Low distress (10–15) 78% (14,720) 76% (166,152) 180,872
 Moderate distress (16–21) 16% (2968) 16% (34,395) 37,363
 High distress (22–50) 7% (1245) 8% (16,735) 17,980
Self-rated health
 Excellent 8% (1808) 16% (37,057) 38,865
 Very good 31% (6683) 37% (88,204) 94,887
 Good 39% (8333) 33% (78,502) 86,835
 Fair 18% (3917) 11%(26,950) 30,867
 Poor 4% (821) 2%(4817) 5638
Self-rated quality of life
 Excellent 17% (3567) 24% (56,330) 59,897
 Very good 34% (7277) 38% (86,841) 94,118
 Good 34% (7120) 28% (64,428) 71,548
 Fair 13% (2744) 9% (19,834) 22,578
 Poor 2% (470) 2% (3830) 4300
  1. Percentages are out of column totals which include missing values: education (1.7%), region of residence (1.9%), country of birth (0.8%), BMI (6.6%), physical activity (3.5%), smoking status (0.3%) and alcohol intake (2.1%). Those with missing values for an outcome are excluded from the corresponding analyses: physical functioning limitations (13.3%), psychological distress (K10 score, 11.4%), self-rated health (3.5%) and self-rated quality of life (5.3%). There were no missing values in age or sex