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Table 1 Characteristics and medication use of 255 consecutive depressed inpatients

From: Understanding personalized dynamics to inform precision medicine: a dynamic time warp analysis of 255 depressed inpatients

Variable Mean (SD)/no. (%)
Demographic characteristics
 Female (%) 165 (64.7)
 Bipolar disorder 48 (18.8)
 Age in years, mean (SD) 50.9 ± 15.4
 Educationa,b (n (%))
  - Lower 41 (16.1)
  - Intermediate 119 (46.7)
  - Higher 93 (36.5)
 Work status (n (%))
  - Unemployed 149 (58.4)
  - Employed 93 (36.5)
  - Others (student/voluntary service) 13 (5.1)
 Marital status (n (%))
  - Married 109 (42.7)
  - Divorced/widowed 65 (25.5)
  - Never married 81 (31.8)
 Living situationc (n (%))
  - Living alone 76 (29.8)
  - Living with partner 96 (37.6)
  - Living with family 83 (32.5)
Clinical characteristics
 Index (first) depressive episode (n (%)) 56 (22)
 History of 4 or more depressive episodes (n (%)) 76 (29.8)
 Lifetime substance abuse/dependencyd
  - Alcohol 27 (10.6)
  - Drugs (THC, hard drugs, benzodiazepines) 5 (2.0)
 Melancholic features 159 (62.4)
 ROM baseline total scores
  - HRSD-17 20.7 ± 4.6
  - BDI-II 33.7 ± 9.2
 Baseline medication use
  - Antidepressants 203 (79.6)
  - Antipsychotics 118 (46.3)
  - Mood stabilizers 34 (13.3)
 Responders (%) 169 (66.3)
 Remitters (%) 128 (50.2)
  1. Data are mean (SD) or no. (%), when appropriate
  2. ROM routine outcome monitoring, HRSD-17 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, BDI-II Beck Depression Inventory
  3. aLower education, general basic education only; intermediate education, middle vocational education; and higher education, higher vocational education or university
  4. bTwo missing values for education
  5. cLiving alone includes living in a home for the elderly and the convent
  6. dInvestigated using the MINI modules on substance abuse and suicidality