Skip to main content

Table 2 Type of alcohol consumed and adjusted risk for poor health outcomes

From: Association between patterns of alcohol consumption (beverage type, frequency and consumption with food) and risk of adverse health outcomes: a prospective cohort study

N = 309,123. Number used for analysis. N = 286,115 (92.6%) used for analysis after excluding missing values.
Type of alcohol consumed All-cause mortality MACE Liver cirrhosis Accidents/self-harm/assaults New cancer (all-cause) incidence Alcohol cancer incidence
Events = 8869 (2.9%) HR with 95% CI; p value Events = 5246 (1.7%) HR with 95% CI; p value Events = 838 (0.3%) HR with 95% CI; p value Events = 16,818 (5.4%) HR with 95% CI; p value Events = 27,543 (8.9%) HR with 95% CI; p value Events = 6529 (2.1%) HR with 95% CI; p value
Red wine drinkers (reference) N = 80,655 (26.1%) 1847 (2.3%) 1 1067 (1.3%) 1 119 (0.1%) 1 4090 (5.1%) 1 7192 (8.9%) 1 1878 (2.3%) 1
Beer or cider drinkers N = 89,139 (28.9%) 3441 (3.8%) 1.18 (1.10–1.27); p < 0.01 2076 (2.3%) 1.16 (1.05–1.27); p < 0.01 401 (0.4%) 1.36 (1.06–1.74); p = 0.02 5290 (5.9%) 1.11 (1.06–1.17); p < 0.01 7950 (8.9%) 0.99 (0.95–1.03); p = 0.56 1294 (1.4%) 1.02 (0.94–1.12); p = 0.59
White wine drinkers N = 54,355 (17.5%) 1121 (2.1%) 1.03 (0.95–1.11); p = 0.49 606 (1.1%) 1.05 (0.94–1.18); p = 0.33 105 (0.2%) 1.21 (0.91–1.61); p = 0.19 2885 (5.3%) 1.03 (0.98–1.09); p = 0.19 4483 (8.2%) 1.03 (0.99–1.07); p = 0.19 1489 (2.7%) 1.02 (0.95–1.10); p = 0.53
Spirits drinkers N = 16,397 (5.3%) 717 (4.4%) 1.25 (1.14–1.38); p < 0.01 396 (2.4%) 1.31 (1.15–1.50); p < 0.01 92 (0.6%) 1.48 (1.08–2.03); p = 0.01 1086 (6.6%) 1.10 (1.03–1.19); p < 0.01 1581 (9.6%) 1.00 (0.95–1.07); p = 0.85 435 (2.7%) 1.03 (0.91–1.15); p = 0.65
Mixed N = 68,577 (22.2%) 1743 (2.5%) 1.08 (1.01–1.16); p = 0.03 1101 (1.6%) 1.16 (1.06–1.27); p = 0.01 121 (0.2%) 1.14 (0.87–1.48); p = 0.19 3467 (5.1%) 1.02 (0.97–1.07); p = 0.41 6337 (9.2%) 1.03 (0.99–1.07); p = 0.08 1433 (2.1%) 1.00 (0.93–1.08); p = 0.96
Global p value for heterogeneity < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01 < 0.01 0.03
  1. Legend: HR hazard Ratio, CI confidence intervals, MACE major adverse cardiovascular event. Alcohol new cancers = breast, colon, rectum, larynx, liver and oesophagus. All results adjusted for age, sex, Townsend score for socio-economic deprivation (continuous), average weekly alcohol units (continuous), alcohol consumption frequency, alcohol consumption pattern with/without meals, smoking habits, BMI, physical activity levels, number of long-term conditions, self-rated health and C-reactive protein levels at baseline. MACE events model adjusted for all the above plus presence of diabetes, hypertension, systolic blood pressure and total cholesterol levels at baseline. Cirrhosis events model adjusted for all of the above plus gamma glutamyl transpeptidase levels at baseline