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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics and weighted prevalences of stunting, wasting, and underweight by categories of sociodemographic variables and anemia (unweighted = 11,233 and weighted n = 11,420)a

From: Association of sickle cell disease with anthropometric indices among under-five children: evidence from 2018 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey

Characteristics Weighted frequencyb (%) Stunting prevalence (95% CI) Wasting prevalence (95% CI) Underweight prevalence (95% CI)
Age (in months):
 6–23 3916 (34.3) 33.4 (32.5–34.3) 11.9 (11.3–12.5) 23.0 (22.2–23.8)
 24–40 3625 (31.7) 45.4 (44.5–46.3) 4.4 (4.0–4.8) 23.3 (22.5–24.1)
 41–59 3879 (34.0) 38.0 (37.1–38.9) 3.7 (3.4–4.1) 20.5 (19.8–21.3)
   P < 0.001 P < 0.001 P = 0.017
Sex:
 Male 5827 (51.0) 41.5 (40.6–42.4) 8.1 (7.6–8.6) 23.8 (23.0–24.5)
 Female 5561 (49.0) 35.9 (35.0–36.8) 5.4 (5.0–5.8) 20.7 (20.0–21.5)
   P < 0.001 P < 0.001 P < 0.001
Sickle cell status:
 Non-sickle cell (HbAA) 8829 (77.3) 38.2 (37.3–39.1) 6.6 (6.1–7.1) 21.8 (21.0–22.6)
 Sickle cell and Hb C trait (HbAS, AC) 2440 (21.4) 40 (39.1–40.9) 7.2 (6.7–7.7) 22.9 (22.1–23.7)
 Sickle cell disease (HbSS, SC) 151 (1.3) 55.4 (54.5–56.4) 9.1 (8.6–9.7) 38.9 (38.0–39.8)
   P = 0.004 P = 0.475 P = 0.006
Household SES:
 Richest 4197 (36.8) 22.4 (21.7–23.2) 4.3 (3.9–4.7) 11.5 (10.9–12.0)
 Middle-status 3589 (31.4) 40.2 (39.3–41.1) 7.0 (6.5–7.5) 21.7 (20.9–22.4)
 Poorest 3634 (31.8) 56.5 (55.5–57.4) 9.4 (8.8–9.9) 35.4 (34.5–36.3)
   P < 0.001 P < 0.001 P < 0.001
Place of residence:
 Urban 5030 (44.0) 28.3 (27.4–29.1) 5.2 (4.8–5.6) 15.4 (14.7–16.1)
 Rural 6390 (56.0) 47.1 (46.2–48.0) 8.0 (7.5–8.5) 27.7 (26.8–28.5)
   P < 0.001 P < 0.001 P < 0.001
Maternal education:
 Secondary or higher 4743 (45.5) 22.1 (21.3–22.9) 5.0 (4.5–5.4) 12.0 (11.4–12.6)
 Primary 1708 (16.4) 40.7 (39.8–41.7) 5.6 (5.2–6.0) 19.5 (18.7–20.3)
 No education 3980 (38.1) 57.1 (56.2–58.1) 9.5 (8.9–10.0) 35.2 (34.3–36.1)
   P < 0.001 P < 0.001 P < 0.001
Anemic children (Hb < 11 g/dL): 7736 (67.9) 42.7 (41.8–43.7) 7.9 (7.4–8.4) 25.6 (24.8–26.4)
   P < 0.001 P < 0.001 P < 0.001
  1. aAll P values derived from chi-squared test. Missing data for variables: sex (n = 32), maternal education (n = 989), and anemia (n = 27)
  2. bWeighted frequencies were rounded to the nearest integer