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Table 3 Logistic regression models analyzing association of SCD and sociodemographic variables with stunting, wasting, and underweight

From: Association of sickle cell disease with anthropometric indices among under-five children: evidence from 2018 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey

  Stunting (HAZ < − 2 SD) Wasting (WHZ < − 2 SD) Underweight (WAZ < − 2 SD)
Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Sickle cell status:
 Non-sickle cell (Hb AA) 1 1 1 1 1 1
 Sickle cell and Hb C traits (Hb AS, AC) 1.09 (0.97–1.20) 1.07 (0.98–1.25) 1.01 (0.86–1.42) 1.09 (0.85–1.41) 1.06 (0.94–1.21) 1.07 (0.94–1.23)
 Sickle cell disease (Hb SS, SC) 2.02 (1.24–3.27) 2.39 (1.26–4.54) 1.43 (0.74–2.76) 1.60 (0.85–3.02) 2.28 (1.26–4.14) 2.64 (1.25–5.98)
Age (in months):
 6–23 1 1 1 1 1 1
 24–40 1.66 (1.48–1.86) 1.74 (1.53–1.98) 0.34 (0.27–0.43) 0.34 (0.27–0.43) 1.02 (0.90–1.16) 1.01 (0.88–1.16)
 41–59 1.22 (1.10–1.37) 1.26 (1.12–1.41) 0.29 (0.23–0.36) 0.28 (0.22–0.36) 0.86 (0.76–0.97) 0.86 (0.76–0.97)
Sex:
 Male 1   1 1 1 1
 Female 0.79 (0.72–0.86) 0.76 (0.70–0.83) 0.64 (0.54–0.79) 0.65 (0.55–0.78) 0.84 (0.76–83) 0.83 (0.75–0.92)
SES:
 Richest 1 1 1 1 1 1
 Middle-status 2.32 (1.99–2.71) 2.36 (1.31–1.84) 1.68 (1.26–2.22) 1.71 (1.29–2.26) 2.14 (1.75–2.60) 2.16 (1.79–2.61)
 Poorest 4.48 (3.85–5.22) 4.60 (3.95–5.36) 2.30 (1.77–2.97) 2.38 (1.84–3.07) 4.23 (3.50–5.12) 4.28 (3.57–5.13)