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Table 3 Changes in Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence Program patient characteristics in March 4 to May 5, 2018 and 2020

From: COVID-19 pandemic and violence: rising risks and decreasing urgent care-seeking for sexual assault and domestic violence survivors

Variables 2018, N = 77, n (%) 2020, N = 35, n (%) Percent difference1 (95% CI) p value
Demographic characteristics
 Age (years, median, IQR) 27 (20–34) 25 (20–31)   0.913
 Under 24 years 40 (51.95) 19 (54.29) 2.30 (− 17.30, 21.90) 0.818
 Female vs male/trans2 67 (87.01) 31 (88.57) 1.50 (− 11.30, 14.30) 0.143
 Arrived by ambulance (vs walk-in) 18 (23.38) 12 (34.29) 10.90 (− 7.10, 28.90) 0.227
 Police involvement 32 (41.56) 17 (48.57) 7.00 (− 12.50, 26.50) 0.488
Current mental health conditions
 Depression 29 (37.66) 17 (48.57) 10.90 (− 8.50, 30.30) 0.277
 Anxiety 26 (33.77) 11 (31.43) − 2.30 (− 20.70, 16.10) 0.807
 Substance use or dependency 9 (11.69) 8 (22.86) 11.20 (− 4.10, 26.50) 0.127
Assault characteristics
 Sexual assault 46 (59.74) 20 (57.14) − 2.60 (− 22.00, 16.80) 0.796
 Physical assault 33 (42.86) 17 (48.57) 5.70 (− 13.90, 25.30) 0.573
 Psychological abuse 9 (11.69) 10 (28.57) 16.90 (8.00, 33.00) 0.027
 Intimate partner assailant 33 (42.86) 18 (51.43) 8.60 (− 11.00, 28.20) 0.399
 Unknown assailant 23 (29.87) 10 (28.57) − 1.30 (− 19.10, 16.50) 0.889
 Multiple assailants 5 (6.49) < 5
 Strangulation 7 (9.09) 7 (20.00) 10.90 (− 3.40, 25.20) 0.106
 Assault with weapon 11 (14.29) < 5
 Visible injuries3 36 (46.75) 17 (48.57) 1.80 (− 17.80, 21.40) 0.858
 Most common location of assault4     
  Patient’s home 26 (33.77) 11 (31.43) − 2.30 (− 20.70, 16.10) 0.807
  Assailant’s home 25 (32.47) 14 (40.00) 7.60 (− 11.40, 26.60) 0.438
  Outdoors 4 (5.19) 8 (22.86) 17.60 (3.30, 31.90) 0.005
  Other5 26 (33.77) 10 (28.57) − 5.20 (− 23.20, 12.80) 0.585
Health- and justice-related service provision
 Post-exposure prophylaxis
  Non-eligible 52 (67.53) 22 (62.86) − 4.70 (− 23.50, 14.10) 0.640
  Eligible, not started 12 (15.58) 8 (22.86) 7.30 (− 8.40, 23.00)  
  Eligible, started 13 (16.88) 5 (14.29) − 2.60 (− 16.70, 11.50)  
 Sexual Assault Evidence Kit
  Non-eligible 28 (36.36) 18 (51.43) 15.10 (− 4.30, 34.50) 0.192
  Eligible, not collected 28 (36.36) 7 (20.00) − 16.30 (− 33.20, 0.60)  
  Collected, released to police 8 (10.39) 6 (27.14) 16.80 (− 7.10, 20.70)  
  Collected, not released to police 13 (16.88) 4 (11.43) − 5.40 (− 18.70, 7.90)  
 Forensic photography
  Non-eligible 41 (53.25) 17 (48.57) − 4.70 (− 24.30, 14.90) 0.883
  Eligible, not completed 19 (24.68) 10 (28.57) 3.90 (− 13.60, 21.40)  
  Eligible, completed 17 (22.08) 8 (22.86) 0.80 (− 15.60, 17.20)  
  1. 1Percent differences only calculated for categorical variables. Continuous variables evaluated by Wilcoxon’s rank sum test
  2. 2Due to small cell sizes, male and trans/non-binary people are combined
  3. 3Visible injuries can include lacerations, fractures, and contusions
  4. 4Most common location of assault—locations do not sum to 100% as assaults can occur in multiple places
  5. 5Other location includes dorm room, friends’ home, shelter, do not know, and other
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