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Table 1 Characteristics of the participants (n = 72,570)

From: Anxiety and depression in children and adolescents with obesity: a nationwide study in Sweden

 Obesity cohortComparison group
Girls, n = 5867Boys, n = 6640Girls, n = 28,270Boys, n = 31,793
Nordic3943 (67.2)4400 (66.3)20,010 (70.8)22,837 (71.8)
Anxiety and/or depressive disordersa681 (11.6)532 (8.0)1707 (6.0)1310 (4.1)
 Age at first anxiety and/or depressive disorders14.5 (2.3)13.9 (2.7)14.7 (2.5)14.0 (2.8)
Anxiety disorderb518 (8.8)403 (6.1)1331 (4.7)995 (3.1)
 Age at first anxiety disorder14.4 (2.4)13.8 (2.8)14.5 (2.5)13.8 (2.9)
Depressive disorderb426 (7.3)297 (4.5)966 (3.4)634 (2.0)
 Age at first depressive disorder15.1 (1.8)14.5 (2.4)15.4 (1.9)14.8 (2.3)
Neuropsychiatric disorderc786 (13.4)1412 (21.3)1301 (4.6)2793 (8.8)
 ADHD/ADD612 (10.4)1107 (16.7)1005 (3.6)2286 (7.2)
 Autism spectrum disorder201 (3.4)473 (7.1)342 (1.2)809 (2.5)
 Mild intellectual disability127 (2.2)207 (3.1)186 (0.7)331 (1.0)
Parental anxiety/depressiond3129 (53.3)3666 (53.3)11,663 (41.3)13,382 (42.1)
 Mothers2477 (42.2)2891 (43.5)8762 (31.0)9916 (31.2)
 Fathers1450 (24.7)1700 (25.6)5224 (18.5)6126 (19.3)
SES
 Low SES1067 (18.2)1253 (18.9)3593 (12.7)4089 (12.9)
 Medium-low SES2202 (37.5)2513 (37.9)8023 (28.4)9057 (28.5)
 Medium-high SES1996 (34.0)2248 (33.9)10,689 (37.8)12,182 (38.3)
 High SES568 (9.7)590 (8.9)5564 (19.7)6037 (19.0)
 Missing34 (0.6)36 (0.5)403 (1.4)433 (1.4)
  1. Data is n (%) or mean (SD)
  2. aDiagnosis of anxiety and/or depression and/or prescription of medication to treat anxiety and/or depression
  3. bDiagnosis and/or prescription medication
  4. cIncludes ADHD/ADD, autism spectrum disorder, and mild intellectual disability in the child
  5. dIncludes maternal and paternal diagnosis of anxiety and depression or at least two dispensed prescriptions of anxiolytics/antidepressants
  6. Abbreviation: SES socioeconomic status