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Table 3 Mutually adjusted hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals in children with obesity, by sex, on anxiety and depressive disorders

From: Anxiety and depression in children and adolescents with obesity: a nationwide study in Sweden

 Anxiety and/or depressive disordersAnxiety disorderDepressive disorder
GirlsBoysGirlsBoysGirlsBoys
Age at start of obesity treatment1.29 (1.25–1.33)***1.15 (1.11–1.19)***1.24 (1.20–1.28)***1.11 (1.06–1.15)***1.37 (1.32–1.43)***1.23 (1.17–1.29)***
BMI SDS at start of obesity treatment0.95 (0.78–1.16); 0.631.28 (1.04–1.57)*0.94 (0.75–1.17); 0.561.20 (0.95–1.53); 0.131.09 (0.85–1.41); 0.481.24 (0.93–1.65); 0.14
Treatment response
 No response vs. good response1.07 (0.88–1.30); 0.511.10 (0.87–1.40); 0.411.00 (0.80–1.25); 0.981.08 (0.83–1.41); 0.571.01 (0.79–1.30); 0.941.09 (0.79–1.51); 0.59
 Poor response vs. good response1.20 (0.93–1.55); 0.171.62 (1.22–2.16)**1.11 (0.83–1.49); 0.491.57 (1.13–2.19)**1.18 (0.86–1.61); 0.311.83 (1.27–2.65)**
 Dropouts vs. good response1.47 (1.16–1.86)**1.46 (1.13–1.90)**1.38 (1.06–1.80)*1.45 (1.08–1.95)*1.32 (0.97–1.78); 0.081.35 (0.94–1.93); 0.10
Nordic background (non-Nordic vs. Nordic)0.55 (0.45–0.68)***0.58 (0.46–0.73)***0.56 (0.44–0.70)***0.67 (0.52–0.86)**0.42 (0.32–0.56)***0.33 (0.23–0.48)***
Neuropsychiatric disorder (yes vs. no)3.99 (3.40–4.67)***4.07 (3.42–4.85)***4.12 (3.44–4.94)***3.53 (2.89–4.32)***4.32 (3.55–5.27)***5.33 (4.19–6.78)***
Maternal anxiety/depression (yes vs. no)1.33 (1.14–1.56)**1.30 (1.09–1.55)**1.35 (1.13–1.61)**1.35 (1.10–1.65)**1.40 (1.15–1.70)**1.53 (1.21–1.94)**
Paternal anxiety/depression (yes vs. no)1.08 (0.91–1.29); 0.381.28 (1.06–1.54)**1.14 (0.94–1.39); 0.191.32 (1.07–1.63)*0.97 (0.77–1.22); 0.801.28 (1.00–1.64); 0.05
SES
 Low vs. high SES0.82 (0.59–1.14); 0.250.83 (0.58–1.19); 0.301.02 (0.68–1.53); 0.920.92 (0.60–1.41); 0.700.70 (0.46–1.04); 0.080.71 (0.44–1.16); 0.18
 Medium-low vs. high SES0.85 (0.63–1.13); 0.260.79 (0.57–1.08); 0.141.08 (0.75–1.54); 0.690.96 (0.66–1.41); 0.840.62 (0.43–0.88)**0.69 (0.46–1.05); 0.09
 Medium-high vs. high SES0.93 (0.70–1.24); 0.610.67 (0.48–0.92)*1.17 (0.82–1.65); 0.390.80 (0.54–1.18); 0.260.82 (0.59–1.15); 0.250.66 (0.44–1.00); 0.05
  1. ***p < 0.0001; **p < 0.01; *p < 0.05
  2. Abbreviations: BMI SDS body mass index standard deviation score, SES socioeconomic status