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Table 1 Demographics of the study population

From: Characteristics and mortality rates among patients requiring intermediate care: a national cohort study using linked databases

  Non-cancer Cancer All
Total number of patients 73,024 3680 76,704
Mortality 365 days from admission 18,840 (25.8%) 2605 (70.8%) 21,477 (28.0%)
Days until death from admission
 0–28 nights 3615 (19.2%) 1433 (55.0%) 5048 (23.5%)
 29–180 nights 9587 (50.8%) 964 (37.0%) 10,551 (49.2%)
 181–365 nights 5657 (30.0%) 209 (8.0%) 5866 (27.3%)
Age (years)
 Mean (SD) 76.8 (15.9) 73.9 (12.8) 76.7 (15.8)
 Median (IQR) 81 (71–88) 76 (67–83) 81 (70–88)
Age (years)
 18–39 3226 (4.4%) 60 (1.6%) 3286 (4.3%)
 40–64 9103 (12.5%) 685 (18.6%) 9788 (12.8%)
 65–74 10,927 (15.0%) 976 (26.5%) 11,903 (15.5%)
 75–84 21,848 (29.9%) 1194 (32.5%) 23,042 (30.0%)
 85–94 24,657 (33.8%) 713 (19.4%) 25,370 (33.1%)
 95+ 3263 (4.5%) 52 (1.4%) 3315 (4.3%)
Sex
 Female 43,228 (59.2%) 1932 (52.5%) 45,100 (58.8%)
 Male 29,793 (40.8%) 1748 (47.5%) 31,601 (41.2%)
Ethnicity
 White 69,892 (95.7%) 3574 (97.1%) 73,466 (95.8%)
 Black and ethnic minority 1930 (2.6%) 41 (1.1%) 1971 (2.6%)
 Unknown 1202 (1.7%) 65 (1.8%) 1267 (1.7%)
Charlson comorbidity index
 Median (IQR) 1 (0–3) 8 (3–9) 2 (0–3)
 Range 0–18 2–17 0–18
Charlson comorbidity index
 0 20,155 (27.6%) 0 (0.0%) 20,155 (26.3%)
 1–2 28,386 (38.9%) 713 (19.4%) 29,099 (37.9%)
 3–4 15,275 (20.9%) 667 (18.1%) 15,942 (20.8%)
 ≥ 5 9208 (12.6%) 2300 (62.5%) 11,508 (15.0%)
Admission type
 Elective 16,535 (22.7%) 1257 (34.2%) 17,828 (23.3%)
 Non-elective 56,307 (77.3%) 2418 (65.8%) 58,689 (76.7%)
Admitted from
 Hospital (ED or general hospital) 33,553 (46.0%) 1360 (37.0%) 34,913 (45.5%)
 Home (personal dwelling/care home) 36,585 (50.1%) 2286 (62.1%) 38,871 (50.7%)
 Other 617 (0.8%) 15 (0.4%) 632 (0.8%)
 Unknown 2269 (3.1%) 19 (0.5%) 2288 (3.0%)
Length of stay in an intermediate care unit
 Median (IQR) 17 (5–34) 8 (5–34) 17 (5–34)
 Range 0–1073 0–190 0–1073
Length of stay in an intermediate care unit
 0–25 nights 46,916 (64.6%) 2961 (80.6%) 49,877 (65.4%)
 26+ nights 25,733 (35.4%) 712 (19.4%) 26,445 (34.7%)
  1. Data are n (%) and represent status at index admission to the intermediate care unit. Charlson Index includes all malignancy, including lymphoma and leukaemia, except malignant neoplasm of skin [35]. Abbreviations: SD standard deviation, IQR interquartile range, ED emergency department. Definition: home and community setting, e.g. own home, care home (with or without nursing) but not residential accommodation where medical care is provided, e.g. inpatient hospice