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Table 3 Cancer model and factors associated with mortality within 1 year post-admission (complete cases n = 3675)

From: Characteristics and mortality rates among patients requiring intermediate care: a national cohort study using linked databases

  0 to 365 days Hazard up to 28 daysa Hazard 29 to 365 daysb
Covariate reference group* n/N (%) n/N (%) Adjusted hazard ratio (95% CI) n/N (%) Adjusted hazard ratio (95% CI)
Age (years)
 18–64 383/743 (52%) 218/743 (29%) 0.95 (0.79, 1.13) 165/525 (31%) 0.67 (0.55, 0.82)
 65–74 677/974 (70%) 377/974 (39%) 1.02 (0.88, 1.18) 300/597 (50%) 0.93 (0.79, 1.10)
 75–84 903/1194 (76%) 495/1194 (41%) 0.95 (0.83, 1.09) 408/699 (58%) 0.82 (0.71, 0.96)
 85–94* 638/764 (84%) 341/764 (45%) 1 297/423 (70%) 1
Sex
 Male* 1331/1746 (76%) 763/1746 (44%) 1 568/983 (58%) 1
 Female 1270/1929 (66%) 668/1929 (35%) 0.94 (0.84–1.04) 602/1261 (48%) 1.14 (1.01–1.28)
Charlson comorbidity index
 0α 0 0 NA 0 NA
 1–2* 277/713 (39%) 118/713 (17%) 1 159/595 (27%) 1
 3–4 392/665 (59%) 181/665 (27%) 1.35 (1.07, 1.71) 211/484 (44%) 1.23 (1.00, 1.52)
 5+ 1932/2297 (84%) 1132/2297 (49%) 2.59 (2.13, 3.15) 800/1165 (69%) 2.09 (1.75, 2.50)
Admission type
 Non-Elective* 2095/2418 (87%) 1168/2418 (48%) 1 927/1250 (74%) 1
 Elective 506/1257 (40%) 263/1257 (21%) 0.58 (0.50–0.68) 243/994 (24%) 0.42 (0.36–0.50)
Admitted from
 Home* 1452/2282 (64%) 831/2282 (36%) 1 621/1451 (43%) 1
 Hospital 1121/1359 (82%) 588/1359 (43%) 0.85 (0.77–0.95) 533/771 (69%) 0.86 (0.76–0.98)
 Other and unknown 28/34 (82%) 12/34 (35%) 0.95 (0.54–1.68) 16/22 (73%) 1.91 (1.16–3.16)
Cancer site
 Breast (C50) 120/534 (22%) 60/534 (11%) 0.34 (0.26, 0.45) 60/474 (13%) 0.23 (0.17, 0.31)
 Digestive organs (C15–26) 708/867 (82%) 399/867 (46%) 1.11 (0.98, 1.26) 309/468 (66%) 0.98 (0.85, 1.13)
 Lung (C30–32, 34, 37, 38) 458/489 (94%) 265/489 (54%) 1.20 (1.04, 1.39) 193/224 (86%) 1.44 (1.22, 1.70)
 Urinary tract (C64–68) 139/314 (44%) 71/314 (23%) 0.7 (0.55, 0.90) 68/243 (28%) 0.6 (0.46, 0.78)
 Other 1176/1471 (80%) 636/1471 (43%) 1 540/835 (65%) 1
  1. Data in bold indicates significant findings. Data are n (%) and represent status at index admission to an intermediate care unit. Cancer site (ICD-10 code), full details Additional File Tables C1 and C4. Adjusted hazard ratio (95% CI). αCharlson index cancer is a weighted factor; hence, zero is not possible in the cancer model. aHazard of death in the first 28 days of admission. bHazard of death within 29 to 365 days of admission, which excludes patients who died before 28 days. Definition: home—usual place of residence in the community including personal dwelling and care home (with or without nursing)