Skip to main content

Table 3 The odds ratios (and 95% CI) of experiencing COVID-19-confirmed/suspected deaths in the English care homes

From: Excess mortality for care home residents during the first 23 weeks of the COVID-19 pandemic in England: a national cohort study

  % of care homes in each category reporting COVID-19 deaths Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Multivariable adjusted OR (95% CI)
OR 95% CI p value OR 95% CI p value
Overall (nursing and residential combined)
 Providing residential services only 14.9 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 Providing nursing services 20.0 5.93 (5.47–6.42) < 0.001 1.81 (1.64–1.99) < 0.001
 Providing non-dementia services to children and/or adults only 19.2 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 Providing services to older people/with dementia 17.0 26.87 (21.95–32.88) < 0.001 5.45 (4.36–6.81) < 0.001
 For-profit care homes 16.6 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 Not-for-profit care home 21.2 0.54 (0.48–0.61) < 0.001 0.96 (0.83–1.11) 0.605
 Non-branded care homes 14.4 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 Branded care homes 21.7 1.6 (1.48–1.72) < 0.001 1.21 (1.1–1.34) < 0.001
 Small homes [0–23 beds] 11.4 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 Medium homes [24–40 beds] 14.7 10.84 (9.53–12.33) < 0.001 5.2 (4.52–5.98) < 0.001
 Large homes [41+ beds] 21.9 35.69 (31.43–40.52) < 0.001 13.27 (11.45–15.37) < 0.001
Nursing
 Providing non-dementia services to children and/or adults only 22.7 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 Providing services to older people/with dementia 20.0 9.99 (6.93–14.42) < 0.001 2.98 (1.98–4.49) < 0.001
 For-profit care homes 19.6 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 Not-for-profit care home 24.8 0.59 (0.47–0.73) < 0.001 0.91 (0.71–1.17) 0.48
 Non-branded care homes 17.4 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 Branded care homes 23.1 1.61 (1.42–1.83) < 0.001 1.26 (1.1–1.45) 0.001
 Small homes [0–23 beds] 14.5 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 Medium homes [24–40 beds] 16.3 5.97 (4.43–8.03) < 0.001 4.39 (3.21–5.99) < 0.001
 Large homes [41+ beds] 22.1 16.10 (12.1–21.43) < 0.001 10.88 (8.03–14.74) < 0.001
Residential
 Providing non-dementia services to children and/or adults only 18.2 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 Providing services to older people/with dementia 14.7 21.8 (16.97–28) < 0.001 6.57 (5–8.63) < 0.001
 For-profit care homes 14.3 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 Not-for-profit care home 19.5 0.73 (0.63–0.85) < 0.001 0.99 (0.83–1.19) 0.943
 Non-branded care homes 12.8 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 Branded care homes 20.2 1.31 (1.17–1.46) < 0.001 1.16 (1.02–1.33) 0.028
 Small homes [0–23 beds] 10.9 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 Medium homes [24–40 beds] 14.0 9.70 (8.34–11.27) < 0.001 5.12 (4.36–6.00) < 0.001
 Large homes [41+ beds] 21.5 27.50 (23.35–32.40) < 0.001 13.45 (11.26–16.08) < 0.001
  1. A total of 15,524 care homes in England (4428 nursing and 11,096 residential) reported to be active in March 2020 to CQC. Adjusted odds computed using multivariable models with local authority-fixed effects