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Table 2 Fixed-effect models for adjusted associations between average BFP coverage of the last 1, 2, 5, 10 and 11 years—divided in quartiles—and maternal mortality ratio in the municipalities selected (n, 2548) for the quality of vital information in Brazil 2004–2014

From: Long-term impact of a conditional cash transfer programme on maternal mortality: a nationwide analysis of Brazilian longitudinal data

Variables Average BFP coverage 1 year Average BFP coverage 2 years Average BFP coverage 5 years Average BFP coverage 10 years Average BFP coverage 11 years
RR 95% CI RR 95% CI RR 95% CI RR 95% CI RR 95% CI
BFP low 1 1 1 1 1
BFP intermediate 0.94 (0.85, 1.05) 0.99 (0.89, 1.11) 0.91 (0.83, 0.99) 0.87 (0.80, 0.95) 0.88 (0.81, 0.95)
BFP high 1.01 (0.88, 1.16) 0.99 (0.87, 1.13) 0.87 (0.77, 0.99) 0.84 (0.75, 0.96) 0.84 (0.75, 0.96)
BFP consolidated 0.94 (0.77, 1.15) 1.03 (0.85, 1.24) 0.85 (0.72, 1.00) 0.82 (0.69, 0.97) 0.83 (0.71, 0.99)
FHP baseline 1 1 1 1 1
FHP low 0.97 (0.90, 1.06) 0.97 (0.89, 1.06) 0.99 (0.91, 1.08) 0.99 (0.91, 1.08) 0.99 (0.91, 1.08)
FHP intermediate 0.97 (0.86, 1.10) 0.96 (0.84, 1.09) 1 (0.88, 1.14) 0.99 (0.87, 1.13) 0.99 (0.86, 1.13)
FHP high 0.93 (0.79, 1.08) 0.91 (0.78, 1.07) 0.95 (0.81, 1.12) 0.94 (0.79, 1.11) 0.93 (0.79, 1.10)
Income per capita 0.84 (0.72, 0.98) 0.84 (0.72, 0.98) 0.85 (0.72, 0.99) 0.85 (0.72, 0.99) 0.85 (0.72, 0.99)
Poverty rate 1.01 (0.91, 1.12) 0.99 (0.89, 1.09) 0.97 (0.88, 1.08) 0.98 (0.88, 1.09) 0.98 (0.89, 1.09)
Illiteracy rate 0.96 (0.81, 1.13) 0.96 (0.81, 1.13) 0.95 (0.81, 1.12) 0.95 (0.81, 1.13) 0.95 (0.81, 1.13)
Piped water 1.04 (0.93, 1.16) 1.04 (0.93, 1.16) 1.04 (0.93, 1.16) 1.04 (0.93, 1.16) 1.04 (0.93, 1.16)
Physicians/inhab 1.01 (0.91, 1.11) 1.01 (0.91, 1.11) 1.00 (0.91, 1.11) 1.00 (0.91, 1.10) 1.00 (0.91, 1.10)
Private care coverage 0.99 (0.84, 1.17) 0.99 (0.84, 1.17) 0.99 (0.84, 1.17) 0.99 (0.84, 1.17) 0.99 (0.84, 1.17)
Hospitalisation rates 0.91 (0.71, 1.15) 0.91 (0.71, 1.16) 0.91 (0.72, 1.16) 0.91 (0.72, 1.16) 0.91 (0.72, 1.16)
Yeara -   -   -   -   -  
No. of observations 17,501   17,501   17,501   17,501   17,501  
  1. aThe variable year has been used as a categorical dummy variable in the model and its coefficient are shown in Additional file 1