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Table 1 Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of participants, stratified by randomised group

From: Promoting physical activity in a multi-ethnic population at high risk of diabetes: the 48-month PROPELS randomised controlled trial

Participant characteristics Control (N=460) Walking Away (N=450) Walking Away Plus (N=456)
Continuous variables Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
 Age (yrs) 59.4 8.8 59.4 9.4 59.3 9.1
 BMI (kg/m2) 28.5 5.7 28.2 5.6 28.4 5.6
 Social deprivation (IMD decile) 5.5 2.8 5.7 3.0 5.7 2.8
 HbA1c (mmol/mol) 5.8 0.3 5.9 0.4 5.9 0.3
 HbA1c (%) 40.0 3.7 40.5 3.5 40.4 3.5
Categorical variables % n % n % n
 Sex       
  Men 50.9 234 50.4 227 50.9 232
  Women 49.1 226 49.6 223 49.1 224
 Ethnicity       
  White European 71.1 327 72.4 326 72.1 329
  South Asian 22.4 103 22.0 99 22.6 103
  Other 6.5 30 5.6 25 5.3 24
 Family history of diabetes in first-degree relatives 43.3 198 42.0 188 45.3 205
 Antihypertensive medication 40.9 169 44.6 164 44.7 170
 Lipid-lowering medication 34.9 144 37.2 137 39.6 150
 Steroids 7.4 34 9.1 41 6.4 29
 Metformin 0.0 0 0.2 1 0.2 1
 CVD (MI, heart failure, angina, stroke) 8.6 39 9.0 40 9.9 45
 Smoking status       
  Past 38.3 176 36.2 163 38.2 174
  Current 9.8 45 8.4 38 11.4 52
 Employment type       
  Full time 37.6 173 34.2 154 37.1 169
  Part time 16.1 74 20.4 92 18.9 86
  Retired 35.0 161 35.3 159 33.6 153
  Unemployed or other 11.3 52 10.0 45 10.5 48
 Educational status       
  Degree, higher degree or equivalent 45.7 205 45.5 197 44.9 202
 Marital status       
  Married/civil partner 68.3 314 75.6 340 73.9 337
 Access to the internet 83.0 380 86.2 387 85.3 388
 Meeting physical activity recommendations 53.7 238 56.1 245 57.3 254
 Meeting physical activity recommendations in 10-min bouts 21.9 97 25.9 113 24.6 109