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Table 2 Comparison of mental health, risk of suicide and self-harm, and self-esteem among abused and non-abused groups

From: Psychopathological symptom network structure in transgender and gender queer youth reporting parental psychological abuse: a network analysis

   Insulting
   Abused group Non-abused group Mean Diff. T value p value
   N Mean SD N Mean SD
All participants CESD-9 641 14.92 0.29 652 11.59 0.28 3.34 8.29 <0.001
GAD-7 641 8.67 0.23 652 6.80 0.20 1.88 6.19 <0.001
Risk of suicide and self-harm 641 1.73 0.06 652 1.09 0.05 0.64 8.58 <0.001
Self-esteem 641 2.52 0.02 652 2.72 0.02 −0.20 −5.79 <0.001
Transgender men CESD-9 218 13.68 0.52 275 10.50 0.44 3.19 4.70 <0.001
GAD-7 218 8.10 0.39 275 6.19 0.32 1.92 3.83 <0.001
Risk of suicide and self-harm 218 1.69 0.09 275 1.10 0.07 0.59 5.17 <0.001
Self-esteem 218 2.63 0.04 275 2.82 0.04 −0.19 −3.44 <0.001
Transgender women CESD-9 256 16.24 0.47 185 12.59 0.53 3.65 5.15 <0.001
GAD-7 256 9.61 0.39 185 7.46 0.36 2.15 3.87 <0.001
Risk of suicide and self-harm 256 2.17 0.09 185 1.49 0.10 0.68 5.16 <0.001
Self-esteem 256 2.46 0.04 185 2.66 0.04 −0.20 −3.36 <0.001
Gender queer individuals CESD-9 167 14.52 0.51 192 12.18 0.46 2.34 3.40 0.001
GAD-7 167 7.99 0.39 192 7.03 0.33 0.96 1.88 0.061
Risk of suicide and self-harm 167 1.09 0.10 192 0.69 0.08 0.40 3.14 0.002
Self-esteem 167 2.48 0.04 192 2.63 0.04 −0.15 −2.48 0.014
   Neglect and avoid
   Abused group Non-abused group Mean Diff. T value p value
   N Mean SD N Mean SD
All participants CESD-9 779 14.33 0.27 514 11.59 0.32 2.73 6.59 <0.001
GAD-7 779 8.39 0.20 514 6.72 0.23 1.67 5.37 <0.001
Risk of suicide and self-harm 779 1.70 1.70 514 0.96 0.96 0.74 9.88 <0.001
Self-esteem 779 2.56 0.02 514 2.72 0.03 −0.15 −4.40 <0.001
Transgender men CESD-9 305 13.02 0.44 188 10.10 0.53 2.93 4.21 <0.001
GAD-7 305 7.79 0.33 188 5.80 0.38 1.99 3.88 <0.001
Risk of suicide and self-harm 305 1.59 0.07 188 0.99 0.09 0.60 5.11 <0.001
Self-esteem 305 2.68 0.04 188 2.83 0.04 −0.15 −2.61 0.009
Transgender women CESD-9 294 15.76 0.43 147 12.61 0.63 3.16 4.21 <0.001
GAD-7 294 9.35 0.34 147 7.42 0.46 1.94 3.32 0.001
Risk of suicide and self-harm 294 2.17 0.08 147 1.31 0.11 0.86 6.35 <0.001
Self-esteem 294 2.49 0.04 147 2.66 0.05 −0.17 −2.65 0.009
Gender queer individuals CESD-9 180 14.19 0.50 179 12.34 0.47 1.85 2.69 0.008
GAD-7 180 7.83 0.35 179 7.12 0.37 0.72 1.41 0.160
Risk of suicide and self-harm 180 1.12 0.09 179 0.64 0.08 0.48 3.83 <0.001
Self-esteem 180 2.48 0.05 179 2.65 0.04 −0.17 −2.71 0.007
   Force to change
   Abused group Non-abused group Mean Diff. T value p value
   N Mean SD N Mean SD
All participants CESD-9 818 13.92 0.26 475 12.07 0.34 1.85 4.35 <0.001
GAD-7 818 8.30 0.20 475 6.74 0.24 1.57 4.96 <0.001
Risk of suicide and self-harm 818 1.60 0.05 475 1.07 0.06 0.53 6.85 <0.001
Self-esteem 818 2.58 0.02 475 2.71 0.03 −0.13 −3.74 <0.001
Transgender men CESD-9 322 12.99 0.43 171 9.87 0.54 3.13 4.41 <0.001
GAD-7 322 7.91 0.32 171 5.37 0.38 2.54 4.91 <0.001
Risk of suicide and self-harm 322 1.46 0.07 171 1.18 0.10 0.28 2.32 0.021
Self-esteem 322 2.67 0.04 171 2.86 0.04 −0.19 −3.32 0.001
Transgender women CESD-9 285 15.50 0.44 156 13.26 0.61 2.24 3.00 0.003
GAD-7 285 9.31 0.35 156 7.61 0.44 1.70 2.94 0.003
Risk of suicide and self-harm 285 2.12 0.08 156 1.45 0.11 0.67 4.98 <0.001
Self-esteem 285 2.49 0.04 156 2.64 0.05 −0.15 −2.46 0.014
Gender queer individuals CESD-9 211 13.20 0.45 148 13.36 0.55 −0.16 −0.22 0.822
GAD-7 211 7.54 0.34 148 7.39 0.39 0.16 0.30 0.765
Risk of suicide and self-harm 211 1.11 0.09 148 0.55 0.09 0.56 4.44 <0.001
Self-esteem 211 2.54 0.04 148 2.59 0.05 −0.05 −0.85 0.394
  1. Note: Mean Diff. refers to the differences of mean values from two groups