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Table 1 Mediterranean diet adherence score (MDS) by dietary components and biomarkers

From: Adherence to the Mediterranean diet assessed by a novel dietary biomarker score and mortality in older adults: the InCHIANTI cohort study

Score MDS Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient
Dietary components (FFQ) Dietary biomarkers (dBMK)
Tertiles (0,1,2) Vegetables
Legumes
Fruits and nuts
Cereals
Total polyphenols
Carotenoids
Linolenic acid
Selenium
0.170 (P<0.001)
Tertiles (0,1,2) Fish EPA+DHA 0.177 (P<0.001)
Tertiles (0,1,2) MUFA/SFA MUFA/SFA 0.229 (P<0.001)
Tertiles (0,2,0) Alcohol Resveratrol 0.668 (P<0.001)
Tertiles (2,1,0) Meat SFA 0.109 (P=0.005)
Tertiles (2,1,0) Dairy products Vitamin B12 0.135 (P=0.001)
Total score (0–18) All dietary components All biomarkers 0.263 (P<0.001)
  1. MDS Mediterranean diet adherence score, FFQ food-frequency questionnaire, EPA eicosapentaenoic acid, DHA docosahexaenoic acid, MUFA monounsaturated fatty acids, SFA saturated fatty acid