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Table 1 Effects of higher compared with lower fibre intake on all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in adults with established cardiovascular disease

From: Dietary fibre in hypertension and cardiovascular disease management: systematic review and meta-analyses

Exposure Cohorts Cases Person years RR (95% CI) Absolute risk (95%CI) Grade
All-cause mortality
 Dietary fibre 2 1133 41,688 0.75 (0.58 to 0.97) 60 fewer per 1000 (7 to 101 fewer) Moderate
 Cereal fibre 3 2216 62,831 0.90 (0.62 to 1.30) 33 fewer per 1000 (125 fewer to 98 more) Very low
Cardiovascular mortality
 Dietary fibre 2 558 41,688 0.86 (0.60 to 1.24) 17 fewer per 1000 (47 fewer to 28 more) Very low
 Cereal fibre 4 1309 64,406 0.91 (0.64 to 1.31) 16 fewer per 1000 (63 fewer to 54 more) Very low