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Table 1 Percent (and N) distribution of health behaviours and changes during the pandemic by study

From: The UK Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme and diet, physical activity, and sleep during the COVID-19 pandemic: evidence from eight longitudinal population surveys

  MCS NS BCS70 NCDS GS USOC ELSA ALSPAC G0 ALSPAC G1
Age range of participants 18–20 29–31 50 62 27–66 17–66 52–66 44–66 27–29
N participants 1924 1493 3050 4195 2618 6051 2417 2071 1273
Diet
 Pre-pandemic: ≤ 2 portions of fruit and vegetables, % (n) 39 (657) 27.8 (384) 24.9 (673) 22.4 (853) NA 26.5 (1070) NA NA NA
 During pandemic: ≤ 2 portions of fruit and vegetables, % (n) 33.3 (564) 26.1 (393) 25.3 (676) 21.9 (808) NA 29.3 (1271) NA NA NA
 Eating fewer portions of fruit and vegetables, % (n) 17.1 (365) 15.2 (282) 14.9 (450) 10.9 (419) NA 48.2 (2823) NA NA NA
 Eating more portions of fruit and vegetables, % (n) 32 (651) 21.5 (344) 17.2 (528) 14.6 (655) NA 42.2 (2596) NA NA NA
Physical activity (PA)
 Pre-pandemic: ≤ 3 days a week of at least 30m exercise, % (n) 43.4 (885) 46.9 (704) 43.5 (1319) 41.5 (1744) 22.7 (594) 21.2 (1181) NA NA NA
 During pandemic: ≤ 3 days a week of at least 30m exercise, % (n) 42.9 (803) 44.5 (677) 38.4 (1099) 39.9 (1588) 26.3 (608) 20.3 (994) NA NA NA
 Less PA/fewer days of +30m exercise, % (n) 33.6 (622) 29.7 (445) 20.5 (624) 18.2 (787) 31.7 (804) 49.3 (2824) 36.0 (869) 33.5 (693) 38.5 (491)
 More PA/days of at least 30m exercise, % (n) 37.8 (750) 35.4 (544) 31.6 (1074) 26.8 (1232) 23.4 (658) 47.4 (3056) 23.3 (563) 44.4 (919) 42.5 (542)
Sleep
 Pre-pandemic: # hours/day,
mean [95% CI]
7.48
[7.38–7.58]
7.13
[7.04–7.21]
6.88
[6.82–6.95]
6.93
[6.87–6.99]
7.09
[7.04–7.13]
6.82
[6.77–6.88]
NA NA NA
 During pandemic: # hours/day,
mean [95% CI]
8.12
[7.99–8.25]
7.41
[7.29-7.54]
6.98
[6.90–7.06]
6.99
[6.92–7.07]
7.10
[7.05–7.15]
7.01
[6.95–7.07]
NA NA NA
 Pre-pandemic: <6 or 9+ h a night, % (n) 12.0 (223) 6.8 (107) 10.3 (229) 10.2 (323) 9.3 (243) 14.6 (740) NA NA NA
 During pandemic: <6 or 9+ h a night, % (n) 29.9 (569) 15.9 (231) 17.1 (430) 16.3 (540) 13.5 (347) 12.2 (673) NA NA NA
 From 6/9h a night to outside typical range, % (n) 24.6 (465) 12.0 (171) 9.6 (276) 7.8 (287) 9.0 (235) 5.4 (321) NA NA NA
 From outside typical range to 6/9h a night, % (n) 6.6 (118) 2.8 (47) 2.7 (74) 1.5 (68) 5.9 (171) 7.6 (370) NA NA NA
 Sleeps less than before, % (n) 23 (403) 22 (335) 19.6 (614) 16.7 (623) 21.4 (532) 30.8 (1903) 25.6 (618) 20.9 (432) 22.0 (280)
 Sleeps more than before, % (n) 54.1 (1093) 36.3 (543) 27.6 (879) 21.7 (937) 22.1 (599) 44.6 (2482) 10.3 (249) 21.2 (439) 36.3 (462)
  1. Additional file 1: Table 1 has details of each study’s sample design and weighting applied. Percentages and means are weighted (where weighting was applied), but N are unweighted. Analysis for GS, USOC, and ELSA restricted to participants aged 66 and younger. For more information about the questions asked in each dataset, please see Supplementary file 2