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Table 4 Quality of life by domain at baseline, 3 and 6 months follow-ups of all participants

From: Medium- and longer-term cardiovascular effects of e-cigarettes in adults making a stop-smoking attempt: a randomized controlled trial

Baseline, 3 and 6 months, mean Nicotine replacement therapy Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes Nicotine-free e-cigarettes F value, p value, and degrees of freedom
Mobility (%)
Baseline 9.88 15.48 13.92 F = 0.60, p = 0.55, df = 2,243
3 months 7.41 9.52 10.13 F = 0.20, p = 0.82, df = 2,243
6 months 6.17 7.14 8.86 F = 0.21, p = 0.81, df = 2,243
Self-care (%)
Baseline 2.47 5.95 3.80 F = 0.65, p = 0.52, df = 2,243
3 months 2.47 2.38 1.27 F = 0.12, p = 0.84, df = 2,243
6 months 1.23 3.57 2.53 F = 0.20, p = 0.82, df = 2,243
Usual activity (%)
Baseline 8.64 16.67 18.99 F = 1.89, p = 0.15, df = 2,243
3 months 7.41 14.29 12.66 F = 1.04, p = 0.36, df = 2,243
6 months 6.17 15.48 10.13 F = 1.90, p = 0.15, df = 2,243
Pain (%)
Baseline 35.80 39.29 46.84 F = 1.05, p = 0.35, df = 2,243
3 months 23.46 25.00 29.11 F = 0.35, p = 0.70, df = 2,243
6 months 17.28 21.43 34.18 F = 3.43, p = 0.03, df = 2,243
Depression/anxiety (%)
Baseline 38.27 45.24 51.90 F = 1.50, p = 0.22, df = 2,243
3 months 23.46 42.86 43.04 F = 4.54, p = 0.01, df = 2,243
6 months 24.69 50.00 44.30 F = 6.25, p = 0.01, df = 2,243
QALY (%)
Baseline 41.98 34.52 32.91 F = 0.81, p = 0.45, df = 2,243
3 months 62.96 44.05 43.04 F = 4.17, p = 0.02, df = 2,243
6 months 64.20 42.86 43.04 F = 5.03, p = 0.01, df = 2,243
VAS (Mean, SD)
Baseline, mean (SD) 71.59 (15.98) 67.26 (15.24) 70.96 (17.14) F = 1.74, p = 0.18, df = 2,243
3 months, mean (SD) 72.38 (14.33) 70.91 (14.42) 69.81 (19.24) F = 0.51, p = 0.60, df = 2,243
6 months, mean (SD) 75.38 (13.80) 70.29 (16.12) 72.78 (16.22) F = 2.24, p = 0.11, df = 2,243