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Table 1 CMOCs that underpin components of tailoring in the connection of older people to the cultural sector as part of social prescribing (see Additional file 2 for supporting data)

From: Tailoring cultural offers to meet the needs of older people during uncertain times: a rapid realist review


  • CMOC1: When a link worker can provide detailed information about a cultural offer (C), the older person is more likely to understand if it is suitable for them (O) because they can work out what it entails (M).

  • CMOC2: When the link worker explains the cultural offer as part of social prescribing in a way that shows how it relates to an individual’s needs (C) because it is regarded as a credible solution (M), the older person is more likely to accept it (O).


  • CMOC3: When link workers understand the needs and expectations of an older person (C), they are more likely to suggest a suitable cultural offer (O) because they have an understanding of what is acceptable to and needed by that individual (M).

  • CMOC4: When a link worker has information of local social prescribing options (C), they can match these to older people's needs and expectations (O) because they have the necessary knowledge (M).


  • CMOC5: If cultural institutions evaluate the cultural offers they make to older people (C), they can adapt the suitability of the offer (O) because they are aware of the changes needed (M).

  • CMOC6: When a link worker asks for feedback from older people attending cultural offers (C), they can assess whether a cultural offer is benefiting someone (M) and changes can be made to the individual’s action plan if required (O).

  • CMOC7: When link workers and cultural sector staff collaborate constructively (C), improvements to cultural offers are more likely (O) because their shared knowledge is harnessed (M).


  • CMOC8: When a cultural organisation is committed to supporting public well-being (C), because staff feel that they are undertaking such work in a facilitative environment (M) they are willing to make changes and take risks (O).

  • CMOC9: When older people are consulted about the content of cultural offers (C), something is developed by cultural organisations that is appropriate and acceptable to end users (O) because it has taken into consideration their ideas (M).

  • CMOC10: When link workers and cultural sector staff interact (C), it allows for greater understanding and valuing of each party’s contribution to older people’s well-being (M), which promotes a willingness to collaborate (O).