Skip to main content
Fig. 1 | BMC Medicine

Fig. 1

From: Polycystic ovary syndrome and risk of adverse obstetric outcomes: a retrospective population-based matched cohort study in England

Fig. 1

Flow chart describing cohort selection

* Number of primary care patient records linked to the same HES patient record is large (n_patid_hes>20). This linkage may not be reliable and therefore these patients are excluded

^ (1) In case of more than 9 births during the same delivery with missing birthweight data, only the first birth is included and the rest are considered duplicates; (2) In case of multiple births, if all babies have the same birthweight recorded, then only one of the babies is included and the rest are considered duplicates; (3) If the number of births reported within a delivery does not match with the number of birth records within a delivery, excess birth records are considered duplicates. Duplicates are excluded

U+2D15 Delivery records are considered as misclassified miscarriages if the reported gestational age is less than 23 weeks; Delivery records are considered as misclassified antenatal or postnatal records if two deliveries are recorded within 180 days of each other for the same patient, and the record with missing birthweight is considered misclassified

(1) Patients without an acceptable patient flag within CPRD GOLD (indicating sufficient data quality); (2) Patients without a minimum registration period of one year with an eligible general practice on delivery date (Practices were considered eligible one year after the “up-tostandard” date, a flag for sufficient practice data quality); (3) Patients aged <15- or >49 on delivery date; (4) Patients transferred out of practice, or their registered practice stopped contributing data to CPRD GOLD on their date of delivery

Rotterdam criteria: (1) anovulation and (2) biochemical or symptomatic presentation of hyperandrogenism; Read code record of hair loss or hirsutism and a recorded measure of serum testosterone level ≥ 2.0 nmol/L was considered as symptomatic and biochemical presentation of hyperandrogenism respectively

Back to article page