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Table 2 Frailty in individuals with and without mental disorders

From: Frailty in individuals with depression, bipolar disorder and anxiety disorders: longitudinal analyses of all-cause mortality

 

Model 1

Model 2

Frailty phenotype

OR

95% CI

OR

95% CI

 No mental disorder

Ref

Ref

 Depression

1.594

1.568

1.620

1.392

1.368

1.416

 Bipolar disorder

1.904

1.772

2.046

1.543

1.433

1.661

 Anxiety disorder

1.503

1.471

1.536

1.352

1.322

1.384

Frailty index

β

95% CI

β

95% CI

 No mental disorder

Ref

Ref

 Depression

0.045

0.044

0.045

0.026

0.026

0.027

 Bipolar disorder

0.060

0.058

0.063

0.036

0.034

0.038

 Anxiety disorder

0.047

0.046

0.048

0.029

0.028

0.029

  1. OR odds ratio, β ordinary least squares regression beta coefficient, CI confidence interval, Ref reference group. All Bonferroni-adjusted p-values < 0.001. Odds ratios indicate changes in odds of being frailer associated with being in the case group relative to the comparison group without mental disorders. Model 1—unadjusted; Model 2—adjusted for age, sex, ethnicity, highest qualification, Townsend deprivation index, cohabitation with spouse/partner, smoking status, alcohol intake frequency, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, body mass index, cholesterol, multimorbidity count and assessment centre