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Table 3 Associations between various CT-based fat depots and incident atrial fibrillation

From: Imaging-based body fat depots and new-onset atrial fibrillation in general population: a prospective cohort study

CT-based Hazard ratio (95% confidence interval)
Model 1
(N = 2139)
Model 2
(N = 2139)
Model 3a
(N = 1297)
Model 4b
(N = 1297)
Liver fat 1.10 (0.94–1.28) 1.06 (0.90–1.25) 1.08 (0.88–1.32) 1.05 (0.86–1.29)
Epicardial fat 1.31 (1.13–1.51) 1.27 (1.09–1.48) 1.16 (0.95–1.42) 1.09 (0.87–1.38)
  1. Values are shown as hazard ratios and 95% confidence interval per 1 standard deviation increase of corresponding fat depots
  2. Abbreviations CT computed tomography
  3. Model 1 was adjusted for sex and age
  4. Model 2 was additionally adjusted for high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, total cholesterol, smoking, total alcohol intake, lipid-lowering medication and cardiac medication and history of hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy, diabetes mellitus, heart failure, and coronary heart disease
  5. aModel 3: Model 2 + total lean mass (in a sub-sample of 1297 participants with available DXA measurements)
  6. bModel 4: Model 2 + total fat mass (in a sub-sample of 1297 participants with available DXA measurements)