Skip to main content

Articles

Page 61 of 69

  1. Herbal products obtained over the counter are commonly used in Europe, North America and Australia. Although there is concern about a lack of information provided to consumers to allow the safe use of these pr...

    Authors: David K Raynor, Rebecca Dickinson, Peter Knapp, Andrew F Long and Donald J Nicolson
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:94
  2. In many developing countries, the majority of births are attended by traditional birth attendants, who lack formal training in neonatal resuscitation and other essential care required by the newly born infant....

    Authors: Richard Matendo, Cyril Engmann, John Ditekemena, Justin Gado, Antoinette Tshefu, Rinko Kinoshita, Elizabeth M McClure, Janet Moore, Dennis Wallace, Waldemar A Carlo, Linda L Wright and Carl Bose
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:93
  3. Current evidence indicates that probiotic supplementation significantly reduces all-cause mortality and definite necrotising enterocolitis without significant adverse effects in preterm neonates. As the debate...

    Authors: Girish C Deshpande, Shripada C Rao, Anthony D Keil and Sanjay K Patole
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:92
  4. Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) or chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) has been used to name a range of chronic conditions characterized by extreme fatigue and other disabling symptoms. ...

    Authors: Luis C Nacul, Eliana M Lacerda, Derek Pheby, Peter Campion, Mariam Molokhia, Shagufta Fayyaz, Jose CDC Leite, Fiona Poland, Amanda Howe and Maria L Drachler
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:91
  5. Major depression is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide, yet epidemiologic data are not available for many countries, particularly low- to middle-income countries. In this paper, we present data ...

    Authors: Evelyn Bromet, Laura Helena Andrade, Irving Hwang, Nancy A Sampson, Jordi Alonso, Giovanni de Girolamo, Ron de Graaf, Koen Demyttenaere, Chiyi Hu, Noboru Iwata, Aimee N Karam, Jagdish Kaur, Stanislav Kostyuchenko, Jean-Pierre Lépine, Daphna Levinson, Herbert Matschinger…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:90
  6. The participant information sheet (PIS) provided to potential trial participants is a critical part of the process of valid consent. However, there is long-standing concern that these lengthy and complex docum...

    Authors: Peter Knapp, David K Raynor, Jonathan Silcock and Brian Parkinson
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:89
  7. Mathematical models are useful tools for understanding and predicting epidemics. A recent innovative modeling study by Stehle and colleagues addressed the issue of how complex models need to be to ensure accur...

    Authors: Sally Blower and Myong-Hyun Go
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:88
  8. The spread of infectious diseases crucially depends on the pattern of contacts between individuals. Knowledge of these patterns is thus essential to inform models and computational efforts. However, there are ...

    Authors: Juliette Stehlé, Nicolas Voirin, Alain Barrat, Ciro Cattuto, Vittoria Colizza, Lorenzo Isella, Corinne Régis, Jean-François Pinton, Nagham Khanafer, Wouter Van den Broeck and Philippe Vanhems
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:87
  9. Hypovitaminosis D has been recently recognized as a worldwide epidemic. Since vitamin D exerts significant metabolic activities, comprising free fatty acids (FFA) flux regulation from the periphery to the live...

    Authors: Ilaria Barchetta, Francesco Angelico, Maria Del Ben, Marco Giorgio Baroni, Paolo Pozzilli, Sergio Morini and Maria Gisella Cavallo
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:85
  10. This study aims to critically review available cost-effectiveness models for rotavirus vaccination, compare their designs using a standardized approach and compare similarities and differences in cost-effectiv...

    Authors: Maarten J Postma, Mark Jit, Mark H Rozenbaum, Baudouin Standaert, Hong-Anh Tu and Raymond CW Hutubessy
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:84
  11. Frailty is a common syndrome that is associated with vulnerability to poor health outcomes. Frail older people have increased risk of morbidity, institutionalization and death, resulting in burden to individua...

    Authors: Nicola Fairhall, Colleen Langron, Catherine Sherrington, Stephen R Lord, Susan E Kurrle, Keri Lockwood, Noeline Monaghan, Christina Aggar, Liz Gill and Ian D Cameron
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:83
  12. Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a frequent genetic disease characterized by multiple benign tumours with increased risk for malignancy. There is currently no biomarker for tumour load in NF1 patients.

    Authors: Mateusz Kolanczyk, Victor Mautner, Nadine Kossler, Rosa Nguyen, Jirko Kühnisch, Tomasz Zemojtel, Aleksander Jamsheer, Eike Wegener, Boris Thurisch, Sigrid Tinschert, Nikola Holtkamp, Su-Jin Park, Patricia Birch, David Kendler, Anja Harder, Stefan Mundlos…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:82
  13. The complex mechanism responsible for tinnitus, a symptom highly prevalent in elderly patients, could involve an impaired control of the microcirculation of the inner ear, particularly in patients with poor bl...

    Authors: Claudio Borghi, Eugenio R Cosentino, Elisa R Rinaldi, Cristina Brandolini, Maria C Rimondi, Maddalena Veronesi, Arrigo FG Cicero, Ada Dormi and Antonio Pirodda
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:80
  14. Drug-eluting stents (DES) reduce rates of restenosis compared with bare metal stents (BMS). A number of observational studies have also found lower rates of mortality and non-fatal myocardial infarction with D...

    Authors: Robert W Yeh, Malini Chandra, Charles E McCulloch and Alan S Go
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:78
  15. Follow-up epidemiologic studies are needed to assess trends and patterns of disease spread. No follow-up epidemiologic study has been done in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to assess the current prevalence of maj...

    Authors: Nasser M Al-Daghri, Omar S Al-Attas, Majed S Alokail, Khalid M Alkharfy, Mansour Yousef, Shaun Louie Sabico and George P Chrousos
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:76
  16. The literature suggests a beneficial effect of motor imagery (MI) if combined with physical practice, but detailed descriptions of MI training session (MITS) elements and temporal parameters are lacking. The a...

    Authors: Corina Schuster, Roger Hilfiker, Oliver Amft, Anne Scheidhauer, Brian Andrews, Jenny Butler, Udo Kischka and Thierry Ettlin
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:75
  17. Studies addressing the effects of aerobic exercise and a prudent diet on lipid and lipoprotein concentrations in adults have reached conflicting conclusions. The purpose of this study was to determine the effe...

    Authors: George A Kelley, Kristi S Kelley, Susan Roberts and William Haskell
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:74
  18. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurocognitive behavioral developmental disorder most commonly seen in childhood and adolescence, which often extends to the adult years. Relative to a deca...

    Authors: Kevin M Antshel, Teresa M Hargrave, Mihai Simonescu, Prashant Kaul, Kaitlin Hendricks and Stephen V Faraone
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:72
  19. The pathogenesis of obesity is reportedly related to variations in the fat mass and an obesity-associated gene (FTO); however, as the number of reports increases, particularly with respect to varying ethnicities,...

    Authors: Sihua Peng, Yimin Zhu, Fangying Xu, Xiaobin Ren, Xiaobo Li and Maode Lai
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:71
  20. The mangosteen fruit has a long history of medicinal use in Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine. Recently, the compound α-mangostin, which is isolated from the pericarp of the fruit, was shown to induce cell death ...

    Authors: Masa-Aki Shibata, Munekazu Iinuma, Junji Morimoto, Hitomi Kurose, Kanako Akamatsu, Yasushi Okuno, Yukihiro Akao and Yoshinori Otsuki
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:69
  21. The human anterior cruciate ligament (hACL) and medial collateral ligament (hMCL) of the knee joint are frequently injured, especially in athletic settings. It has been known that, while injuries to the MCL ty...

    Authors: Jianying Zhang, Tiffany Pan, Hee-Jeong Im, Freddie H Fu and James HC Wang
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:68
  22. Stratifying patients with a sore throat into the probability of having an underlying bacterial or viral cause may be helpful in targeting antibiotic treatment. We sought to assess the diagnostic accuracy of si...

    Authors: Jolien Aalbers, Kirsty K O'Brien, Wai-Sun Chan, Gavin A Falk, Conor Teljeur, Borislav D Dimitrov and Tom Fahey
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:67
  23. Bone regeneration is a complex, well-orchestrated physiological process of bone formation, which can be seen during normal fracture healing, and is involved in continuous remodelling throughout adult life. How...

    Authors: Rozalia Dimitriou, Elena Jones, Dennis McGonagle and Peter V Giannoudis
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:66
  24. A number of publications have reported the use of microarray technology to identify gene expression signatures to infer mechanisms and pathways associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in human perip...

    Authors: Dhivya Arasappan, Weida Tong, Padmaja Mummaneni, Hong Fang and Shashi Amur
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:65
  25. Soft tissue sarcomas of childhood are a group of heterogeneous tumors thought to be derived from mesenchymal stem cells. Surgical resection is effective only in about 50% of cases and resistance to conventiona...

    Authors: Roberta Ciarapica, Lucio Miele, Antonio Giordano, Franco Locatelli and Rossella Rota
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:63
  26. The functional role of oxidative stress in cancer pathogenesis has long been a hotly debated topic. A study published this month in BMC Cancer by Goh et al., directly addresses this issue by using a molecular gen...

    Authors: Federica Sotgia, Ubaldo E Martinez-Outschoorn and Michael P Lisanti
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:62
  27. Early infant diagnosis (EID) of HIV-1 infection confers substantial benefits to HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected infants, to their families, and to programs providing prevention of mother-to-child transmission ...

    Authors: Andrea L Ciaranello, Ji-Eun Park, Lynn Ramirez-Avila, Kenneth A Freedberg, Rochelle P Walensky and Valeriane Leroy
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:59
  28. Despite more than a decade of research on hospitalists and their performance, disagreement still exists regarding whether and how hospital-based physicians improve the quality of inpatient care delivery. This ...

    Authors: Heather L White and Richard H Glazier
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:58
  29. Urinary tract infections (UTI) are common among the oldest old and may lead to a few days of illness, delirium or even to death. We studied the incidence and predictive factors of UTI among the oldest old in t...

    Authors: Monique AA Caljouw, Wendy PJ den Elzen, Herman JM Cools and Jacobijn Gussekloo
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:57
  30. Physicians fear missing cases of pneumonia and treat many patients with signs of respiratory infection unnecessarily with antibiotics. This is an avoidable cause for the increasing worldwide problem of antibio...

    Authors: Johann Steurer, Ulrike Held, Anne Spaar, Birke Bausch, Marco Zoller, Roger Hunziker and Lucas M Bachmann
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:56
  31. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that the cost-effectiveness (CE) of introducing new vaccines be considered before such a programme is implemented. However, in low- and middle-income countries (L...

    Authors: Raymond Hutubessy, Ana Maria Henao, Pem Namgyal, Vasee Moorthy and Joachim Hombach
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:55
  32. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that the cost effectiveness of introducing human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination is considered before such a strategy is implemented. However, developing countri...

    Authors: Mark Jit, Nadia Demarteau, Elamin Elbasha, Gary Ginsberg, Jane Kim, Naiyana Praditsitthikorn, Edina Sinanovic and Raymond Hutubessy
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:54
  33. Several decision support tools have been developed to aid policymaking regarding the adoption of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) into national pediatric immunization programs. The lack of critical apprais...

    Authors: Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk, Ratchadaporn Somkrua, Raymond Hutubessy, Ana Maria Henao, Joachim Hombach, Alessia Melegaro, John W Edmunds and Philippe Beutels
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:53
  34. In recent years, clinical trials with stem cells have taken the emerging field in many new directions. While numerous teams continue to refine and expand the role of bone marrow and cord blood stem cells for t...

    Authors: Alan Trounson, Rahul G Thakar, Geoff Lomax and Don Gibbons
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:52
  35. Changing clinicians' behaviour is recognised as a major challenge. It is clear that behaviour change not only depends on demonstrating the proven effectiveness of clinical interventions; contextual and occupat...

    Authors: Tom Sanders, Nadine E Foster and Bie Nio Ong
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:49
  36. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a complex disorder defined by a cluster of interconnected factors that increase the risk of cardiovascular atherosclerotic diseases and diabetes mellitus type 2. Currently, several...

    Authors: Eva Kassi, Panagiota Pervanidou, Gregory Kaltsas and George Chrousos
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:48
  37. The 2010 Global Burden of Disease Study estimates the premature mortality and disability of all major diseases and injuries. In addition it aims to quantify the risk that diseases and other factors play in the...

    Authors: Fiona J Charlson, Nicholas JC Stapelberg, Amanda J Baxter and Harvey A Whiteford
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:47
  38. Electronic health record (EHR) implementation is currently underway in Canada, as in many other countries. These ambitious projects involve many stakeholders with unique perceptions of the implementation proce...

    Authors: Carrie Anna McGinn, Sonya Grenier, Julie Duplantie, Nicola Shaw, Claude Sicotte, Luc Mathieu, Yvan Leduc, France Légaré and Marie-Pierre Gagnon
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:46