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930 result(s) for 'alcohol' within BMC Medicine

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  1. During 8.2 years of mean follow-up, stroke was diagnosed in 89,120 (1.59%), MI in 62,577 (1.12%), and both stroke and MI in 146,744 (2.62%) participants. Multivariate-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for patients in ...

    Authors: Sangmo Hong, Kyungdo Han and Cheol-Young Park
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2020 18:361
  2. Smokeless tobacco is consumed in most countries in the world. In view of its widespread use and increasing awareness of the associated risks, there is a need for a detailed assessment of its impact on health. ...

    Authors: Kamran Siddiqi, Sarwat Shah, Syed Muslim Abbas, Aishwarya Vidyasagaran, Mohammed Jawad, Omara Dogar and Aziz Sheikh
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2015 13:194
  3. The Mediterranean Diet (MedDiet) has been acknowledged as a healthy diet. However, its relation with risk of major chronic diseases in non-Mediterranean countries is inconclusive. The Nordic diet is proposed a...

    Authors: Cecilia Galbete, Janine Kröger, Franziska Jannasch, Khalid Iqbal, Lukas Schwingshackl, Carolina Schwedhelm, Cornelia Weikert, Heiner Boeing and Matthias B. Schulze
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2018 16:99
  4. In this prospective cohort study, 291,778 participants (64% women) from seven European countries, mostly aged 43 to 58 years and free of cancer, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and type 2 diabetes (T2D) at recruitm...

    Authors: Heinz Freisling, Vivian Viallon, Hannah Lennon, Vincenzo Bagnardi, Cristian Ricci, Adam S. Butterworth, Michael Sweeting, David Muller, Isabelle Romieu, Pauline Bazelle, Marina Kvaskoff, Patrick Arveux, Gianluca Severi, Christina Bamia, Tilman Kühn, Rudolf Kaaks…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2020 18:5
  5. Overall, 6,769 of 28,681 study participants died during a mean follow-up of 10.7 years, of whom 2,648 died of cardiovascular disease. Furthermore, 2,493 experienced a primary cardiovascular event. A linear ass...

    Authors: Ben Schöttker, W. Rathmann, C. Herder, B. Thorand, T. Wilsgaard, I. Njølstad, G. Siganos, E. B. Mathiesen, K. U. Saum, A. Peasey, E. Feskens, P. Boffetta, A. Trichopoulou, K. Kuulasmaa, F. Kee and H. Brenner
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2016 14:26
  6. Socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with stroke incidence and mortality. Distribution of stroke risk factors is changing worldwide; evidence on these trends is crucial to the allocation of resources for p...

    Authors: Abolfazl Avan, Hadi Digaleh, Mario Di Napoli, Saverio Stranges, Reza Behrouz, Golnaz Shojaeianbabaei, Amin Amiri, Reza Tabrizi, Naghmeh Mokhber, J. David Spence and Mahmoud Reza Azarpazhooh
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2019 17:191
  7. We followed 52,114 women from the Nurses’ Health Study II without hypercholesterolemia, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, prehypertension, and hypertension at baseline (1991–2011). Women born preterm, of ...

    Authors: Yanping Li, Sylvia H. Ley, Tyler J. VanderWeele, Gary C. Curhan, Janet W. Rich-Edwards, Walter C. Willett, John P. Forman, Frank B. Hu and Lu Qi
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2015 13:175
  8. Different methodological choices such as inclusion/exclusion criteria and analytical models can yield different results and inferences when meta-analyses are performed. We explored the range of such differences, ...

    Authors: Clément Palpacuer, Karima Hammas, Renan Duprez, Bruno Laviolle, John P. A. Ioannidis and Florian Naudet
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2019 17:174
  9. In the USA, the prolonged effective survival of cancer population has brought significant attention to the rising risk of cardiometabolic morbidity and mortality in this population. This heightened risk unders...

    Authors: Yukun Li, Xiaoying Liu, Wenhe Lv, Xuesi Wang, Zhuohang Du, Xinmeng Liu, Fanchao Meng, Shuqi Jin, Songnan Wen, Rong Bai, Nian Liu and Ribo Tang
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2024 22:269
  10. A workplace-based primary prevention intervention be an effective approach to reducing the incidence of hypertension (HTN). However, few studies to date have addressed the effect among the Chinese working popu...

    Authors: Zhen Hu, Xin Wang, Conglin Hong, Congyi Zheng, Linfeng Zhang, Zuo Chen, Haoqi Zhou, Yixin Tian, Xue Cao, Jiayin Cai, Runqing Gu, Ye Tian, Lan Shao and Zengwu Wang
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2023 21:214
  11. There is limited evidence on how the classification of maternal metabolic syndrome during pregnancy affects children’s developmental outcomes and the possible mediators of this association. This study uses a c...

    Authors: Janell Kwok, Lydia Gabriela Speyer, Georgia Soursou, Aja Louise Murray, Kostas A. Fanti and Bonnie Auyeung
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2023 21:124
  12. There is increasing evidence for the role of environmental factors and exposure to the natural environment on a wide range of health outcomes. Whether exposure to green space, blue space, and the natural envir...

    Authors: Bao-Peng Liu, Rachel R. Huxley, Tamara Schikowski, Ke-Jia Hu, Qi Zhao and Cun-Xian Jia
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2024 22:15
  13. The prospective China Kadoorie Biobank study recruited ~0.5 million adults from ten diverse (five urban, five rural) areas across China during 2004–2008. Consumption frequency of major food groups, including d...

    Authors: Maria G. Kakkoura, Huaidong Du, Yu Guo, Canqing Yu, Ling Yang, Pei Pei, Yiping Chen, Sam Sansome, Wing Ching Chan, Xiaoming Yang, Lei Fan, Jun Lv, Junshi Chen, Liming Li, Timothy J. Key and Zhengming Chen
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:134
  14. Previous studies have shown that lifestyle/environmental factors could accelerate the development of age-related hearing loss (ARHL). However, there has not yet been a study investigating the joint association...

    Authors: Sang-Hyuk Jung, Young Chan Lee, Manu Shivakumar, Jaeyoung Kim, Jae-Seung Yun, Woong-Yang Park, Hong-Hee Won and Dokyoon Kim
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2024 22:141
  15. We analyzed clinical data from 253 male and female veterans, corresponding to five factors linked to metabolic syndrome (systolic and diastolic blood pressure, waist-to-hip ratio and fasting measures of high-dens...

    Authors: Pia S Heppner, Eric F Crawford, Uzair A Haji, Niloofar Afari, Richard L Hauger, Boris A Dashevsky, Paul S Horn, Sarah E Nunnink and Dewleen G Baker
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2009 7:1
  16. Data on the combined effect of lifestyles on mortality in older people have generally been collected from highly selected populations and have been limited to traditional health behaviors. In this study, we ex...

    Authors: David Martínez-Gómez, Pilar Guallar-Castillón, Luz M León-Muñoz, Esther López-García and Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2013 11:47
  17. Considerable controversy exists regarding the relation between maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy and risk of low birth weight (birth weight <2,500 g). We aim to assess this association using a systemat...

    Authors: Ling-Wei Chen, Yi Wu, Nithya Neelakantan, Mary Foong-Fong Chong, An Pan and Rob M van Dam
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2014 12:174
  18. Although obesity has been associated with risk of atrial fibrillation (AF), the associations of variability of obesity measures with AF risk are uncertain, and longitudinal studies among Chinese population are...

    Authors: Maoxiang Zhao, Lulu Song, Qianqian Zhao, Yating Chen, Bin Li, Zhonghui Xie, Zihao Fu, Nan Zhang, Xiaowei Cheng, Xiaoqian Li, Miao Wang, Shouling Wu, Hao Xue and Yang Li
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:215
  19. Among patients diagnosed with schizophrenia, the presence of substance use poses an aggravating comorbidity, exerting a negative impact on the course of the disease, adherence to therapeutic regimens, treatmen...

    Authors: Achim Burrer, Stephan T. Egger, Tobias R. Spiller, Matthias Kirschner, Philipp Homan, Erich Seifritz and Stefan Vetter
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2024 22:233
  20. Excess energy intake can lead to metabolic dysfunction-associated steatotic liver disease (MASLD), but the relationship between dietary carbohydrate intake and liver fat content remains unclear. This study aim...

    Authors: Josefina Orliacq, Aurora Pérez-Cornago, Siôn A Parry, Rebecca K Kelly, Dimitrios A Koutoukidis and Jennifer L Carter
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2023 21:444
  21. Components of social connection are associated with mortality, but research examining their independent and combined effects in the same dataset is lacking. This study aimed to examine the independent and comb...

    Authors: Hamish M. E. Foster, Jason M. R. Gill, Frances S. Mair, Carlos A. Celis-Morales, Bhautesh D. Jani, Barbara I. Nicholl, Duncan Lee and Catherine A. O’Donnell
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2023 21:384
  22. Increases in human telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) expression and telomerase activity are frequently seen in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Recently, a variable tandem-repeats polymorphism, MNS16A, lo...

    Authors: Yang Zhang, Hongxing Zhang, Yun Zhai, Zhifu Wang, Fuchao Ma, Hongxue Wang, Peiyao Li, Ying Zhang, Lixia Yu, Ying Cui, Fuchu He and Gangqiao Zhou
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:106
  23. The World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF)/American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) Cancer Prevention Recommendations are lifestyle-based recommendations which aim to reduce cancer risk. This study investigate...

    Authors: Fiona C. Malcomson, Solange Parra-Soto, Frederick K. Ho, Liya Lu, Carlos Celis-Morales, Linda Sharp and John C. Mathers
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2023 21:407

    The Comment to this article has been published in BMC Global and Public Health 2024 2:7

  24. Of 11,130 participants, 1696 (15.2%) were seropositive. Factors independently associated with  higher risk of SARS-CoV-2 seropositivity included frontline health/care occupation (aOR 1.86, 95% CI 1.48–2.33), i...

    Authors: Mohammad Talaei, Sian Faustini, Hayley Holt, David A. Jolliffe, Giulia Vivaldi, Matthew Greenig, Natalia Perdek, Sheena Maltby, Carola M. Bigogno, Jane Symons, Gwyneth A. Davies, Ronan A. Lyons, Christopher J. Griffiths, Frank Kee, Aziz Sheikh, Alex G. Richter…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:87
  25. Higher baseline intakes of flavonoid-rich foods and beverages are associated with a lower risk of chronic disease and mortality in observational studies. However, associations between changes in intakes and mo...

    Authors: Nicola P. Bondonno, Yan Lydia Liu, Yan Zheng, Kerry Ivey, Walter C. Willett, Meir J. Stampfer, Eric B. Rimm and Aedín Cassidy
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2023 21:181
  26. Effective risk prediction models are lacking for personalized endoscopic screening of gastric cancer (GC). We aimed to develop, validate, and evaluate a questionnaire-based GC risk assessment tool for risk pre...

    Authors: Xia Zhu, Jun Lv, Meng Zhu, Caiwang Yan, Bin Deng, Canqing Yu, Yu Guo, Jing Ni, Qiang She, Tianpei Wang, Jiayu Wang, Yue Jiang, Jiaping Chen, Dong Hang, Ci Song, Xuefeng Gao…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2023 21:159
  27. Considerable controversy exists regarding the association between dietary calcium intake and risk of mortality from cardiovascular disease and all causes. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis of prospective...

    Authors: Xia Wang, Hongxia Chen, Yingying Ouyang, Jun Liu, Gang Zhao, Wei Bao and Maosheng Yan
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2014 12:158
  28. A total of 348,904 genetically unrelated participants without AF at baseline from the UK were categorized into three groups: index ages 45 years (n = 84,206), 55 years (n=117,520), and 65 years (n...=147,178). Op...

    Authors: Junguo Zhang, Ge Chen, ChongJian Wang, Xiaojie Wang, Zhengmin (Min) Qian, Miao Cai, Michael G. Vaughn, Elizabeth Bingheim, Haitao Li, Yanhui Gao, Gregory Y. H. Lip and Hualiang Lin
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2023 21:88
  29. There is a growing population of children with in utero HIV exposure who are at risk of poor neurodevelopmental outcomes despite avoiding HIV infection. However, the underlying neurobiological pathways are not...

    Authors: Catherine J. Wedderburn, Shunmay Yeung, Sivenesi Subramoney, Jean-Paul Fouche, Shantanu H. Joshi, Katherine L. Narr, Andrea M. Rehman, Annerine Roos, Diana M. Gibb, Heather J. Zar, Dan J. Stein and Kirsten A. Donald
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2024 22:129
  30. A high body mass index (BMI) has been associated with increased risk of several cancers; however, whether BMI is related to a larger number of cancers than currently recognized is unclear. Moreover, whether wa...

    Authors: Martina Recalde, Veronica Davila-Batista, Yesika Díaz, Michael Leitzmann, Isabelle Romieu, Heinz Freisling and Talita Duarte-Salles
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2021 19:10
  31. Maternal weight variables are important predictors of postpartum depression (PPD). While preliminary evidence points to an association between pre-pregnancy obesity and PPD, the role of excessive gestational w...

    Authors: Hamimatunnisa Johar, Julia Hoffmann, Julia Günther, Seryan Atasoy, Lynne Stecher, Monika Spies, Hans Hauner and Karl-Heinz Ladwig
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2020 18:227
  32. Fresh vegetable consumption has been associated with lower incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, whether preserved vegetable consumption is linked with CVD and mortality remains unclear. This stu...

    Authors: Pan Zhuang, Fei Wu, Xiaohui Liu, Fanghuan Zhu, Yin Li, Jingjing Jiao and Yu Zhang
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2023 21:135
  33. Birth weight is considered not only to undermine future growth, but also to induce lifelong diseases; the aim of this study is to explore the relationship between birth weight and adult bone mass.

    Authors: Jiang-Wei Xia, Lin Zhang, Jin Li, Cheng-Da Yuan, Xiao-Wei Zhu, Yu Qian, Saber Khederzadeh, Jia-Xuan Gu, Lin Xu, Jian-Hua Gao, Ke-Qi Liu, David Karasik, Shu-Yang Xie, Guo-Bo Chen and Hou-Feng Zheng
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:361
  34. Whether diet has beneficial effects on cardiovascular disease (CVD) in childhood cancer survivors as in the general population is unknown. Therefore, we examined associations between dietary patterns and risk ...

    Authors: Tuo Lan, Mei Wang, Matthew J. Ehrhardt, Shu Jiang, Jennifer Q. Lanctot, Gregory T. Armstrong, Melissa M. Hudson, Graham A. Colditz, Leslie L. Robison and Yikyung Park
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2023 21:242
  35. Sickness absence with psychiatric diagnoses increased in all age groups, in women and men, and in all regions. At the national level, the cumulative incidence increased in women from 1.7% in 1994 to 4.6% in 2000,...

    Authors: Gunnel Hensing, Lena Andersson and Sören Brage
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2006 4:19
  36. The prevalence of diabetes was significantly higher in MHCs than in non-MHCs (crude age-sex-standardised point-prevalence of diabetes on 30 June 2006 in those aged ≥20 years, 9.3% vs 6.1%, respectively, P < 0.001...

    Authors: Qun Mai, C D'Arcy J Holman, Frank M Sanfilippo, Jonathan D Emery and David B Preen
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:118
  37. Although the association between beverages and a single cardiometabolic disease has been well studied, their role in disease progression from the single cardiometabolic disease state to cardiometabolic multimo...

    Authors: Yi Luo, Lingfang He, Tianqi Ma, Jinchen Li, Yongping Bai, Xunjie Cheng and Guogang Zhang
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:273
  38. Multiple studies have demonstrated that rates of smoking and nicotine dependence are increased in individuals with anxiety disorders. However, significant variability exists in the epidemiological literature e...

    Authors: Steven Moylan, Felice N Jacka, Julie A Pasco and Michael Berk
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2012 10:123
  39. Heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) is a common menstrual disorder associated with multiple risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in women. In addition, HMB is often present with irregular menstruation (IM) ...

    Authors: Pallavi Dubey, Sireesha Reddy, Vishwajeet Singh, Abdelrehman Yousif and Alok Kumar Dwivedi
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2024 22:208
  40. The relationship between vitamin D status and mortality in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) is unknown. This study investigated the associations of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations with all-...

    Authors: Qingqing Xiao, Bin Cai, Anwen Yin, Huanhuan Huo, Keke Lan, Guo Zhou, Linghong Shen and Ben He
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:308
  41. Plant-based diets assessed by a priori indices are associated with health outcomes. This study investigated the associations between pre-defined indices of plant-based diets and risk of colorectal cancer (CRC)...

    Authors: Jihye Kim, Carol J. Boushey, Lynne R. Wilkens, Christopher A. Haiman, Loïc Le Marchand and Song-Yi Park
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:430
  42. In this study, 6054 adults from the 2018 Belgian Health Interview Survey (BHIS) were included. Mental health and well-being outcomes included psychological and severe psychological distress, vitality, life satisf...

    Authors: Pauline Hautekiet, Nelly D. Saenen, Dries S. Martens, Margot Debay, Johan Van der Heyden, Tim S. Nawrot and Eva M. De Clercq
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:328
  43. Urate-lowering therapy (ULT) adherence is low in gout, and few, if any, effective, low-cost, interventions are available. Our objective was to assess if a culturally appropriate gout-storytelling intervention ...

    Authors: Jasvinder A. Singh, Amy Joseph, Joshua Baker, Joshua S. Richman, Terrence Shaneyfelt, Kenneth G. Saag and Seth Eisen
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2021 19:265
  44. The overall PAF for dementia MRFs changed from 46.73% in 2004/2005 to 36.79% in 2018/2019, though this trend was not statistically significant. During 2004–2019, hypertension, with an average IW-PAF of 8.21%, was...

    Authors: Shanquan Chen, Benjamin R. Underwood, Rudolf N. Cardinal, Xi Chen, Shu Chen, Jay Amin, Huajie Jin, Jing Huang, Christoph Mueller, Lijing L. Yan, Carol Brayne and Hannah Kuper
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2024 22:268
  45. ...1:1 propensity score matched pairs of 242,763 East Asians and 242,763 White Europeans without AF were analyzed. Modifiable lifestyle factors considered were blood pressure, body mass index, cigarette smoking, ...

    Authors: Hanjin Park, Daehoon Kim, Eunsun Jang, Hee Tae Yu, Tae-Hoon Kim, Dong-min Kim, Jung-Hoon Sung, Hui-Nam Pak, Moon-Hyoung Lee, Gregory Y. H. Lip, Pil-Sung Yang and Boyoung Joung
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2024 22:194
  46. Citizens affected by substance use disorders are high-risk populations for both SARS-CoV-2 infection and COVID-19-related mortality. Relevant vulnerabilities to COVID-19 in people who suffer substance use diso...

    Authors: Hugo López-Pelayo, Henri-Jean Aubin, Colin Drummond, Geert Dom, Francisco Pascual, Jürgen Rehm, Richard Saitz, Emanuele Scafato and Antoni Gual
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2020 18:241
  47. Carbohydrates have been implicated in colorectal cancer (CRC) risk, but the specific impact of carbohydrate quality and quantity on CRC susceptibility in US populations remains unclear.

    Authors: Yi Xiao, Ling Xiang, Yahui Jiang, Yunhao Tang, Haitao Gu, Yaxu Wang and Linglong Peng
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2024 22:97
  48. Women with diminished ovarian reserve are known to have increased cardiovascular risk, whether there is a continuous association between the ovarian reserve biomarkers; anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), antral fol...

    Authors: Karema Al Rashid, Amy Taylor, Mary Ann Lumsden, Neil Goulding, Deborah A. Lawlor and Scott M. Nelson
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2020 18:247
  49. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are a leading cause of maternal mortality and morbidity worldwide. The World Health Organization is developing new recommendations focusing on the management of NCDs for pregna...

    Authors: Jenny Jung, Eshreena K. Karwal, Steve McDonald, Tari Turner, Doris Chou and Joshua P. Vogel
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:305