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930 result(s) for 'alcohol' within BMC Medicine

Page 5 of 19

  1. Data were gathered from the Swedish National study of Aging and Care in Kungsholmen (SNAC-K), an ongoing population-based study of subjects aged 60+ (N = 3363). The study included a subsample (n...= 1189) without...

    Authors: Shireen Sindi, Laura Monica Pérez, Davide L. Vetrano, Federico Triolo, Ingemar Kåreholt, Linnea Sjöberg, Alexander Darin-Mattsson, Miia Kivipelto, Marco Inzitari and Amaia Calderón-Larrañaga
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2020 18:382
  2. After a median follow-up period of 4.91 years (interquartile range, 2.81 to 6.98), 271 out of 6,103 patients developed all-site cancer. At baseline, patients with incident cancers were older, had longer disease d...

    Authors: Alice PS Kong, Xilin Yang, Wing-Yee So, Andrea Luk, Ronald CW Ma, Risa Ozaki, Kitty KT Cheung, Heung-Man Lee, Linda Yu, Gang Xu, Chun-Chung Chow and Juliana CN Chan
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2014 12:76
  3. Undiagnosed type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a global problem. Current strategies for diagnosis in Sweden include screening individuals within primary healthcare who are of high risk, such as those with hypertension, ...

    Authors: Hrafnhildur Gudjonsdottir, Per Tynelius, Nouha Saleh Stattin, Diego Yacamán Méndez, Anton Lager and Boel Brynedal
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2024 22:168
  4. Child maltreatment is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD), but mediation pathways have not been fully elucidated. The aim of the current study was to determine and quantify the underlying pathways lin...

    Authors: Frederick K. Ho, Carlos Celis-Morales, Stuart R. Gray, Fanny Petermann-Rocha, Donald Lyall, Daniel Mackay, Naveed Sattar, Helen Minnis and Jill P. Pell
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2020 18:143
  5. The global burden of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes could be decreased by improving dietary factors, but identification of groups suitable for interventional approaches can be difficult. Reporting ...

    Authors: Einar Smith, Ulrika Ericson, Sophie Hellstrand, Marju Orho-Melander, Peter M. Nilsson, Céline Fernandez, Olle Melander and Filip Ottosson
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:122
  6. Data on the relations between kidney function abnormalities and stroke in type 2 diabetes are limited. We evaluated the associations of kidney function abnormalities and chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages wit...

    Authors: Arnaud D. Kaze, Bernard G. Jaar, Gregg C. Fonarow and Justin B. Echouffo-Tcheugui
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:127
  7. Among 1,251,619 Million Women Study participants, 50- to 64-years old at entry into the study, routine data on hospital admissions were used to estimate hospitalization rates according to BMI after standardizatio...

    Authors: Gillian K Reeves, Angela Balkwill, Benjamin J Cairns, Jane Green and Valerie Beral
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2014 12:45
  8. The risk of hip fracture in women on plant-based diets is unclear. We aimed to investigate the risk of hip fracture in occasional meat-eaters, pescatarians, and vegetarians compared to regular meat-eaters in t...

    Authors: James Webster, Darren C. Greenwood and Janet E. Cade
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:275
  9. To the best of our knowledge, no study has investigated the potential joint effect of large for gestational age (LGA) and assisted reproductive technology (ART) on the long-term health of children.

    Authors: Yiyuan Zhang, Kexin Dai, Xiaojing Chen, Linlin Cui and Zi-Jiang Chen
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2024 22:203
  10. Adding salt at the table is a prevalent eating habit, but its long-term relationship with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality remains unclear. We evaluated the associations of adding salt at t...

    Authors: Fengping Li, Liangkai Chen, Buyun Liu, Victor W. Zhong, Yan Deng, Dan Luo, Chao Gao, Wei Bao and Shuang Rong
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:486
  11. Whether the associations of time spent in screen-based sedentary activities with CHD vary by genetic susceptibility is currently unknown. The objective of this study was to examine the interplay of genetic sus...

    Authors: Youngwon Kim, Shiu Lun Au Yeung, Stephen J. Sharp, Mengyao Wang, Haeyoon Jang, Shan Luo, Soren Brage and Katrien Wijndaele
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:188
  12. Observational studies have investigated the association of risk factors with breast cancer prognosis. However, the results have been conflicting and it has been challenging to establish causality due to potential...

    Authors: Maria Escala-Garcia, Anna Morra, Sander Canisius, Jenny Chang-Claude, Siddhartha Kar, Wei Zheng, Stig E. Bojesen, Doug Easton, Paul D. P. Pharoah and Marjanka K. Schmidt
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2020 18:327
  13. After 30 years of consensus-derived diagnostic categories in mental health, it is time to head in new directions. Those categories placed great emphasis on enhanced reliability and the capacity to identify the...

    Authors: Ian B Hickie, Jan Scott, Daniel F Hermens, Elizabeth M Scott, Sharon L Naismith, Adam J Guastella, Nick Glozier and Patrick D McGorry
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2013 11:125
  14. Prospective studies in non-Mediterranean populations have consistently related increasing nut consumption to lower coronary heart disease mortality. A small protective effect on all-cause and cancer mortality ...

    Authors: Marta Guasch-Ferré, Mònica Bulló, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, Emilio Ros, Dolores Corella, Ramon Estruch, Montserrat Fitó, Fernando Arós, Julia Wärnberg, Miquel Fiol, José Lapetra, Ernest Vinyoles, Rosa Maria Lamuela-Raventós, Lluís Serra-Majem, Xavier Pintó, Valentina Ruiz-Gutiérrez…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2013 11:164
  15. The variant MTHFR 677TT genotype was identified in 12% of adults. From 18 to 70 years, this genotype was associated with an increased risk of hypertension (i.e. systolic BP ≥ 140 and/or a diastolic BP ≥ 90 mmHg):...

    Authors: Mary Ward, Catherine F. Hughes, J. J. Strain, Rosie Reilly, Conal Cunningham, Anne M. Molloy, Geraldine Horigan, Miriam Casey, Kevin McCarroll, Maurice O’Kane, Michael J. Gibney, Albert Flynn, Janette Walton, Breige A. McNulty, Adrian McCann, Laura Kirwan…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2020 18:318
  16. Cigarette smoking is a well-known risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), but whether smokeless tobacco such as snuff is associated with the risk of CVD is still unclear. We investigated the association ...

    Authors: Olga E. Titova, John A. Baron, Karl Michaëlsson and Susanna C. Larsson
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2021 19:111
  17. Data on the association between free-living daytime sunlight exposure and incident dementia are scarce. The objective is to evaluate whether the time spent in outdoor light is related to the dementia risk and ...

    Authors: Ling-Zhi Ma, Ya-Hui Ma, Ya-Nan Ou, Shi-Dong Chen, Liu Yang, Qiang Dong, Wei Cheng, Lan Tan and Jin-Tai Yu
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:132
  18. Cross-sectional studies found that frailty was associated with prevalent diabetic microvascular complications (DMC). Longitudinal evidence in this regard is inconclusive and insufficient. We aimed to prospecti...

    Authors: Yuanjue Wu, Ting Xiong, Xiao Tan and Liangkai Chen
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:473
  19. Accumulating evidence now indicates that the presence of faecal haemoglobin, in the absence of gastrointestinal bleeding, may be an indicator of systemic inflammation and is linked to the development of human ...

    Authors: Choong-Kyun Noh, Eunyoung Lee, Bumhee Park and Sung Soo Ahn
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:226
  20. Residing in a disadvantaged neighborhood has been linked to increased mortality. However, the impact of residential segregation and social vulnerability on cause-specific mortality is understudied. Additionall...

    Authors: Kui Deng, Meng Xu, Melis Sahinoz, Qiuyin Cai, Martha J. Shrubsole, Loren Lipworth, Deepak K. Gupta, Debra D. Dixon, Wei Zheng, Ravi Shah and Danxia Yu
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2024 22:249
  21. It is unclear whether an ‘obesity survival paradox’ exists for pneumonia. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to assess the associations between increased body mass index (BMI), pneumonia risk, and mortali...

    Authors: Wei Nie, Yi Zhang, Sun Ha Jee, Keum Ji Jung, Bing Li and Qingyu Xiu
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2014 12:61
  22. Pregnant women consume caffeine daily. The aim of this study was to examine the association between maternal caffeine intake from different sources and (a) gestational length, particularly the risk for spontan...

    Authors: Verena Sengpiel, Elisabeth Elind, Jonas Bacelis, Staffan Nilsson, Jakob Grove, Ronny Myhre, Margaretha Haugen, Helle Margrete Meltzer, Jan Alexander, Bo Jacobsson and Anne-Lise Brantsæter
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2013 11:42
  23. Higher maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) is associated with adverse pregnancy and perinatal outcomes. However, whether these associations are causal remains unclear.

    Authors: Maria Carolina Borges, Gemma L. Clayton, Rachel M. Freathy, Janine F. Felix, Alba Fernández-Sanlés, Ana Gonçalves Soares, Fanny Kilpi, Qian Yang, Rosemary R. C. McEachan, Rebecca C. Richmond, Xueping Liu, Line Skotte, Amaia Irizar, Andrew T. Hattersley, Barbara Bodinier, Denise M. Scholtens…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2024 22:32
  24. Salivary amylase, encoded by the AMY1 gene, initiate the digestion of starch. Whether starch intake or AMY1 copy number is related to disease risk is currently rather unknown. The aim was to investigate the assoc...

    Authors: Huiping Li, Yan Borné, Yaogang Wang and Emily Sonestedt
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2023 21:27
  25. A few observational studies have found an inverse association between adherence to a Mediterranean diet and the risk of depression. Randomized trials with an intervention based on this dietary pattern could pr...

    Authors: Almudena Sánchez-Villegas, Miguel Angel Martínez-González, Ramón Estruch, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Dolores Corella, Maria Isabel Covas, Fernando Arós, Dora Romaguera, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, José Lapetra, Xavier Pintó, Jose Alfredo Martínez, Rosa María Lamuela-Raventós, Emilio Ros, Alfredo Gea, Julia Wärnberg…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2013 11:208
  26. Hypnotics are widely used by the elderly, and their impact on mortality remains controversial. The inconsistent findings could be due to methodological limitations, notably the lack of control for underlying s...

    Authors: Isabelle Jaussent, Marie-Laure Ancelin, Claudine Berr, Karine Pérès, Jacqueline Scali, Alain Besset, Karen Ritchie and Yves Dauvilliers
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2013 11:212
  27. Diabetes patients are at higher risk for mortality than the general population; however, little is known about whether the excess mortality risk associated with diabetes could be mitigated or nullified via con...

    Authors: Jian Zhou, Xuan Wang, Rui Tang, Minghao Kou, Hao Ma, Xiang Li, Yoriko Heianza, Vivian Fonseca and Lu Qi
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2024 22:108
  28. We conducted a longitudinal birth cohort study (Hamamatsu Birth Cohort for Mother and Children Study) to investigate the association of genetic risk for ADHD and low birth weight with ADHD traits among Japanes...

    Authors: Md Shafiur Rahman, Nagahide Takahashi, Toshiki Iwabuchi, Tomoko Nishimura, Taeko Harada, Akemi Okumura, Nori Takei, Yoko Nomura and Kenji J. Tsuchiya
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2021 19:229
  29. Female reproductive factors are gaining prominence as factors that enhance cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk; nonetheless, menstrual cycle characteristics are under-recognized as a factor associated with CVD. ...

    Authors: Kelvin Okoth, William Parry Smith, G. Neil Thomas, Krishnarajah Nirantharakumar and Nicola J. Adderley
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2023 21:104
  30. Bilirubin, a byproduct of hemoglobin breakdown and purported anti-oxidant, is thought to be cancer preventive. We conducted complementary serological and Mendelian randomization (MR) analyses to investigate wh...

    Authors: Nazlisadat Seyed Khoei, Mazda Jenab, Neil Murphy, Barbara L. Banbury, Robert Carreras-Torres, Vivian Viallon, Tilman Kühn, Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Krasimira Aleksandrova, Amanda J. Cross, Elisabete Weiderpass, Magdalena Stepien, Andrew Bulmer, Anne Tjønneland, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Gianluca Severi…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2020 18:229
  31. In sub-Saharan Africa, less than 1% of treatment-eligible chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients receive antiviral therapy. Experiences from local CHB programs are needed to inform treatment guidelines and policie...

    Authors: Hailemichael Desalegn, Stian Magnus Staurung Orlien, Hanna Aberra, Eyerusalem Mamo, Sine Grude, Kristina Hommersand, Nega Berhe, Svein Gunnar Gundersen and Asgeir Johannessen
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2023 21:373
  32. To examine the association between regular use of proton pump inhibitors and the risk of incident dementia, including dementia subtypes, and whether the association differs between APOE genotypes.

    Authors: Peidong Zhang, Zhihao Li, Peiliang Chen, Ao Zhang, Yu Zeng, Xiru Zhang, Qingmei Huang, Dan Liu, Songtao Qi and Chen Mao
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:271
  33. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) caused by air pollution poses a considerable burden on public health. We aim to examine whether lifestyle factors mediate the associations of air pollutant exposure with the risk o...

    Authors: Xiangming Hu, Luke D. Knibbs, Yingling Zhou, Yanqiu Ou, Guang-Hui Dong and Haojian Dong
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2024 22:93
  34. Guideline-concordant care over an 8-year period (financial years 2002 to 2009) was examined in a nationwide sample of 49,173 male veterans with schizophrenia, who were aged 50 years or older. Administrative datab...

    Authors: Jack Y Tsan, Eileen M Stock, Jazmin M Gonzalez, David S Greenawalt, John E Zeber, Emran Rouf and Laurel A Copeland
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2012 10:147
  35. Polyphenols may lower the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and other chronic diseases due to their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, as well as their beneficial effects on blood pressure, lipid...

    Authors: Anna Tresserra-Rimbau, Eric B Rimm, Alexander Medina-Remón, Miguel A Martínez-González, M Carmen López-Sabater, María I Covas, Dolores Corella, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, José Lapetra, Fernando Arós, Miquel Fiol, Emili Ros, Lluis Serra-Majem, Xavier Pintó, Miguel A Muñoz…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2014 12:77
  36. Black Americans suffer disparities in risk for cardiometabolic and other chronic diseases. Findings from the Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2) cohort have shown associations of plant-based dietary patterns and ...

    Authors: Fayth M. Butler, Jason Utt, Roy O. Mathew, Carlos A. Casiano, Suzanne Montgomery, Seth A. Wiafe, Johanna W. Lampe and Gary E. Fraser
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2023 21:408
  37. Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is a serious cause of mortality and disability. AIS is a serious cause of mortality and disability. Early diagnosis of atherosclerosis, which is the major cause of AIS, allows thera...

    Authors: Takaki Hiwasa, Hao Wang, Ken-ichiro Goto, Seiichiro Mine, Toshio Machida, Eiichi Kobayashi, Yoichi Yoshida, Akihiko Adachi, Tomoo Matsutani, Mizuki Sata, Kazumasa Yamagishi, Hiroyasu Iso, Norie Sawada, Shoichiro Tsugane, Mitoshi Kunimatsu, Ikuo Kamitsukasa…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2021 19:131
  38. To assess the association between the reproductive factors of age at menarche, age at menopause, and reproductive span and the incidence of myocardial infarction (MI) and ischemic stroke (IS).

    Authors: Su-Min Jeong, Jung Eun Yoo, Keun Hye Jeon, Kyungdo Han, Heesun Lee, Dong-Yun Lee and Dong Wook Shin
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2023 21:64
  39. Ethnic differences in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk have been known for decades, but a systematic exploration of how exposure and susceptibility to risk factors may contribute is lacking. This study aimed ...

    Authors: Frederick K. Ho, Stuart R. Gray, Paul Welsh, Jason M. R. Gill, Naveed Sattar, Jill P. Pell and Carlos Celis-Morales
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:149
  40. Little is known about the effects of night shifts and their interactions with genetic factors on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In this study, we aim to investigate relationships between long-te...

    Authors: Jia Li, Liangle Yang, Yuxin Yao, Pei Gu, Yujia Xie, Haoyu Yin, Mingyue Xue, Yu Jiang, Jianghong Dai and Jixuan Ma
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2024 22:16
  41. The three models with the highest discrimination (Ma (Cox model) AUC 0.70 [95% CI 0.69–0.71]; Aleksandrova 0.70 [0.69–0.71]; Hong 0.69 [0.67–0.71]) included the variables age, smoking, and alcohol. These models p...

    Authors: Roxanna E. Abhari, Blake Thomson, Ling Yang, Iona Millwood, Yu Guo, Xiaoming Yang, Jun Lv, Daniel Avery, Pei Pei, Peng Wen, Canqing Yu, Yiping Chen, Junshi Chen, Liming Li, Zhengming Chen and Christiana Kartsonaki
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:302
  42. Cocaine is a stimulant that leads to the rapid accumulation of catecholamines and serotonin in the brain due to prevention of their re-uptake into the neuron that released the neurotransmitter. Cocaine depende...

    Authors: Daryl Shorter and Thomas R Kosten
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:119
  43. We used routinely collected data from the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) GOLD. Adults registered with a general practice in CPRD (1997–2019) were eligible for inclusion. Individuals with eczema/pso...

    Authors: Alasdair D. Henderson, Elizabeth Adesanya, Amy Mulick, Julian Matthewman, Nhung Vu, Firoza Davies, Catherine H. Smith, Joseph Hayes, Kathryn E. Mansfield and Sinéad M. Langan
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2023 21:285
  44. Most studies investigating the association between physical activity (PA) and the risk of type 2 diabetes are derived from self-reported questionnaires, with limited evidence using device-based measurements. T...

    Authors: Jirapitcha Boonpor, Solange Parra-Soto, Fanny Petermann-Rocha, Nathan Lynskey, Verónica Cabanas-Sánchez, Naveed Sattar, Jason M. R. Gill, Paul Welsh, Jill P. Pell, Stuart R. Gray, Frederick K. Ho and Carlos Celis-Morales
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2023 21:191
  45. Water intake and hydration status have been suggested to impact cognition; however, longitudinal evidence is limited and often inconsistent. This study aimed to longitudinally assess the association between hy...

    Authors: Stephanie K. Nishi, Nancy Babio, Indira Paz-Graniel, Lluís Serra-Majem, Jesús Vioque, Montserrat Fitó, Dolores Corella, Xavier Pintó, Aurora Bueno-Cavanillas, Josep A. Tur, Laura Diez-Ricote, J. Alfredo Martinez, Carlos Gómez-Martínez, Andrés González-Botella, Olga Castañer, Andrea Alvarez-Sala…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2023 21:82
  46. The 1996 Australian National Firearms Agreement introduced strict access limitations. However, reports on the effectiveness of the new legislation are conflicting. This study, accessing all cases of suicide 19...

    Authors: Helen Klieve, Jerneja Sveticic and Diego De Leo
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2009 7:52
  47. Epidemiological studies have demonstrated a favorable association of whole grain intake with coronary heart disease (CHD) risk, although whether such an inverse association holds true for individual whole grai...

    Authors: Yang Hu, Walter C. Willett, Jo Ann E. Manson, Bernard Rosner, Frank B. Hu and Qi Sun
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:192