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Table 7 Effect estimates for non-randomised trials of lifestyle advice versus standard care

From: Lifestyle interventions for overweight and obese pregnant women to improve pregnancy outcome: systematic review and meta-analysis

Outcome or subgroup Studies Participants Statistical method Effect estimate
Large for gestational age 4 1,199 Odds ratio (Fixed, 95% CI) 0.85 (0.63, 1.16)
Caesarean delivery 4 1,246 Odds ratio (Fixed, 95% CI) 1.13 (0.78, 1.64)
Gestational diabetes 2 233 Odds ratio (Fixed, 95% CI) 1.51 (0.72, 3.16)
Gestational weight gain (kg) 6 1,534 Mean difference (Fixed, 95% CI) -0.42 (-1.03, 0.19)
  1. CI: confidence interval