Skip to main content

Table 7 Odds for small for gestational age (SGA) and total caffeine intake according to official guidelines

From: Maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy is associated with birth weight but not with gestational length: results from a large prospective observational cohort study

Total caffeine intake groups (mg/day) Number of individuals SGA (Marsal) SGA (Skjaerven) SGA (Gardosi)
   ORa 95% CI Pvalueb ORa 95% CI Pvalueb ORa 95% CI Pvalueb
0 to 50 27,000 1    1    1   
51 to 200 25,718 1.18 1.00 to 1.38 0.04 1.12 1.05 to 1.21 0.001 1.09 1.02 to 1.17 0.01
201 to 300 4,447 1.62 1.26 to 2.09 <10-3 1.44 1.28 to 1.62 <10-8 1.27 1.12 to 1.44 <10-3
>300 1,958 1.62 1.15 to 2.29 0.006 1.66 1.41 to 1.96 <10-8 1.62 1.36 to 1.92 <10-7
  1. Odds ratios for SGA and total caffeine intake (food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) data), according to official Nordic Nutrition Recommendations (<200 mg caffeine/day) and World Health Organization (<300 mg caffeine/day) guidelines, logistic regression for n = 59,123 in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study, 2002 to 2009. SGA defined according to Marsal (ultrasound based), Skjaerven (population based) or Gardosi (customized).
  2. aOR: odds ratio, compared to lowest caffeine intake group (0 to 50 mg/day).
  3. b P value, logistic regression. Adjustment for maternal age, pre-pregnancy body mass index, parity, history of preterm delivery, baby's sex, nausea during second trimester, smoking habits, passive smoking, nicotine intake from other sources, alcohol consumption during pregnancy, energy intake, maternal education, marital status and household income.