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Table 5 Real-time PCR quantification of microbiota phyla in healthy children and children with type 1 diabetes

From: Gut microbiota in children with type 1 diabetes differs from that in healthy children: a case-control study

  Healthy children Children with type 1 diabetes P
Proteobacteria 7.74 ±0.64 7.97 ±1.12 0.481
Actinobacteria 6.32 ±0.45 5.47 ±0.93 0.003
Fusobacteria 6.61 ±1.19 6.99 ±1.28 0.391
Firmicutes 9.85 ±0.43 6.54 ±0.56 0.001
Bacteroidetes 9.98 ±0.74 10.92 ±0.83 0.002
Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes ratio 0.97 ±0.19 0.62 ±0.24 0.001
  1. Values are presented as means ±SD and expressed as log10 copies per gram of feces. N = 16 participants per group. Relationships between both groups were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test. Values are significantly different for P <0.05.