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Table 2 Predictors of primary and secondary outcomes in a multivariate regression model adjusting for sex, age, performance level, and initial self-ratings.

From: Summative assessments are more powerful drivers of student learning than resource intensive teaching formats

Predictors Adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence interval)
   Primary outcome: ≥3 out of 5 correct diagnoses Secondary outcome: >2 h/week of extra ECG learning time Secondary outcome: use of additional learning material
Examination consequences Formative 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
  Summative 5.14 (3.26 to 8.09) 4.02 (2.65 to 6.12) 2.86 (1.92 to 4.24)
Teaching format Self-directed learning only 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
  Lectures 1.50 (0.87 to 2.56) 2.14 (1.33 to 3.45) 1.94 (1.22 to 3.01)
  Small-group peer teaching 1.62 (0.95 to 2.76) 4.42 (2.64 to 7.38) 1.81 (1.15 to 2.87)
  1. Significant results are displayed in bold letters. ECG = electrocardiogram.