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Table 1 Characteristics at T1 of women participating in the study. Statistically significant differences between the two groups are shown.

From: The course of mental health after miscarriage and induced abortion: a longitudinal, five-year follow-up study

  Women with miscarriage, n = 40.
(Scored '1')
Women with induced abortion, n = 80.
(Scored '2')
Point biserial r/χ2
At T1 (10 days after the event) Mean (95% CI) Mean (95% CI)  
Age (years) 30.1 (28.2–31.9) 27.7 (26.2–29.3) r = -0.17, n.s.
Length of pregnancy (weeks) 10.5 (9.4–11.5) 9.6 (9.3–9.9) r = -0.18, n.s.
Number of previous induced abortions 0.3 (0.1–0.5) 0.3 (0.2–0.4) r = -0.02, n.s.
Number of previous miscarriages 0.4 (0.2–0.6) 0.4 (0.2–0.6) r = 0.02, n.s.
Number of children 0.8 (0.5–1.0) 1.2 (0.9–1.4) r = 0.19*
Marital status    χ2 = 15.38***
Married 42.5% 21.3%  
Cohabitant 50.0% 37.5%  
Not married/cohabitant 7.5% 41.3%  
Education    χ2 = 5.42, n.s..
Comprehensive school up to 16 years of age 10.0% 15.0%  
Comprehensive school up to 19 years of age 15.0% 31.3%  
Vocational education 47.5% 31.3%  
University education 27.5% 22.5%  
Vocational activity    χ2 = 10.34*
Still in education 2.5% 21.3%  
Regular employment 75.0% 50.0%  
Temporary employment 5.0% 11.3%  
Working at home 10.0% 8.8%  
Other 7.5% 8.8%  
Religious faith    χ2 = 5.05, n.s.
Christian, the faith is of minor importance 80.0% 71.3%  
Christian, the faith is of great importance 12.5% 6.3%  
Agnostic or humanistic ethicist 5.0% 17.5%  
Muslim or other 2.5% 5.0%  
Former psychiatric health    χ2 = 3.63, n.s.
Good 65.0% 47.5%  
Medium 15.0% 17.5%  
Previous psychiatric problems 20.0% 35.0%  
  1. χ2 (Pearson's χ2) = for pregnancy termination group by nominal variable
  2. r (Pearson's r, t-test) = for pregnancy termination type by continuous variables
  3. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.