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Table 1 Recruitment characteristics of responders* and non-responders at 4–6 years

From: Midwife-led debriefing after operative birth: four to six year follow-up of a randomised trial [ISRCTN24648614]

  Responders
Characteristic (denominator: debriefing/standard care/non-responders) Debriefing
No (%)
Standard Care
No (%)
Non-responders
No (%)
Method of index (operative) birth (257/264/507)    
Elective caesarean 71 (27.6) 76 (28.8) 134 (26.4)
Emergency caesarean 89 (34.6) 82 (31.1) 165 (32.5)
Forceps 84 (32.7) 93 (35.2) 175 (34.5)
Vacuum extraction 13 (5.1) 13 (4.9) 33 (6.5)
Parity (257/263/505)    
Primiparous 159 (61.9) 172 (65.4) 304 (60.2)
Multiparous 98 (38.1) 91 (34.6) 201 (39.8)
Maternal age (256/264/507)    
<25 years 14 (5.5) 24 (9.1) 90 (17.8)
25–34 years 162 (63.3) 162 (61.4) 338 (66.7)
≥35 years 80 (31.2) 78 (29.5) 79 (15.6)
Marital status (257/264/507)    
Married 207 (80.5) 214 (81.1) 377 (74.4)
Cohabiting (de facto) 41 (16.0) 40 (15.2) 94 (18.5)
Separated, divorced, widowed 6 (2.3) 3 (1.1) 5 (1.0)
Single 3 (1.2) 7 (2.7) 31 (6.1)
Secondary education (256/263/505)    
Completed year 12 190 (74.2) 183 (69.6) 299 (59.2)
Less than year 12 66 (25.8) 80 (30.4) 163 (40.8)
Tertiary education (256/264/504)    
Degree or diploma 148 (57.8) 147 (55.7) 226 (44.9)
Other or none 108 (42.2) 117 (44.3) 278 (55.1)
Family Income ($AUD) (248/254/484)    
≤20,000 24 (9.7) 22 (8.7) 94 (19.4)
20,001–30,000 28 (11.3) 30 (11.8) 67 (13.8)
30,001–40,000 31 (12.5) 48 (18.9) 70 (14.5)
>40,000 165 (66.5) 154 (60.6) 253 (52.3)
Pension or benefit main income (255/262/484)    
Yes 28 (11.0) 24 (9.2) 98 (20.2)
No 227 (89.0) 238 (90.8) 386 (79.8)
Health insurance status (257/263/506)    
Private 100 (38.9) 91 (34.6) 146 (28.9)
Public 157 (61.1) 172 (65.4) 360 (71.1)
  1. *N = 521; excluding 13 women who responded at 4–6 years, but did not respond at six months postpartum: 7 from the debriefing arm and 6 from the standard care arm.