Jackknife sensitivity analysis. Studies are ordered from top to bottom by their effect on heterogeneity when removed one at a time from the set of 22 studies. Removing any of the 10 studies at the top of the plot decreases heterogeneity, while removing any of the 12 studies at the bottom of the plot increases heterogeneity. The four studies that individually contributed the most to heterogeneity are shown as open circles. Circle size is proportional to the inverse variance.