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Table 1 Baseline demographic, socioeconomic, and clinical characteristics of participants of each group. Values are numbers (percentages) of patients unless stated otherwise.

From: Clinical effectiveness of usual care with or without antidepressant medication for primary care patients with minor or mild-major depression: a randomized equivalence trial

Baseline characteristic Usual care + paroxetine (n = 85) Usual care (n = 96)
Age (mean (SD)) 46 (16) 46 (16)
Women 62 (73%) 70 (73%)
Minor depression diagnosis PCP* 15 (18%) 16 (17%)
Major Depressive Disorder (CIDI)† 56 (68%) 59 (65%)
   Mild 21 (26%) 15 (16%)
   Moderate 17 (21%) 25 (27%)
   Severe 18 (22%) 19 (21%)
Dysthymia (CIDI)† 14 (17%) 17 (19%)
Baseline MADRS‡ (Mean (SD)) 23.7 (10.4) 24.1 (10.7)
Private insurance 19 (22%) 20 (21%)
Dutch ethnic group 72 (85%) 80 (83%)
Partner 61 (72%) 58 (60%)
Higher education§ 20 (24%) 24 (25%)
Employed 53 (62%) 61 (64%)
Mental health care use 3 (3.1%) 2 (2.4%)
Neurotic (high)¶ 40 (47%) 48 (50%)
Chronic disease (≥ 1) 33 (39%) 31 (32%)
Life events (≥ 1)# 63 (74%) 69 (72%)
Duration depression > 3 months 52 (61%) 61 (64%)
History of depression 64 (75%) 78 (81%)
Treatment history of depression 38 (45%) 45 (47%)
Patient's treatment preference:   
   Usual care + paroxetine 16 (19%) 19 (20%)
   Usual care 30 (35%) 39 (41%)
   No preference 39 (46%) 38 (40%)
Physician's treatment preference:   
   Usual care + paroxetine 26 (31%) 22 (23%)
   Usual care 6 (7%) 14 (15%)
   No preference 32 (38%) 43 (45%)
   No preference registered 21 (25%) 17 (18%)
  1. *Three to four depressive symptoms correspond to minor depression, five to six to mild-major depression.
  2. †Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) diagnosis of 173 patients were obtained (96%); 82 patients allocated to usual care + paroxetine, 91 patients allocated to usual care.
  3. ‡Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale.
  4. §At least 11 years of education.
  5. ¶As measured with the Neuroticism Scale of the NEO-FFI. A scale score of ≥ 40 was considered high, < 40 as low (range 12–60, median was 40).
  6. #As measured with a translated and, with permission of the author, adapted version of the List of Threatening Experiences Questionnaire (LTE-Q).