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Table 3 Reported practices across all ten hospitals at baseline

From: Promoting childbirth companions in South Africa: a randomised pilot study

Practice % N
Not allowed companion 84.5 2085
Preferred partner as companion 49.7 2056
Left alone 16.2 2080
Not allowed food 77.4 2089
Not allowed fluids 83.6 2089
Moving around not allowed during first stage of labour 46.6 2083
Moving around not allowed during second stage of labour 97.1 2072
Episiotomy performed 34.7 2073
Enema given 52.9 2087
Shouted at 17.7 2085
Slapped or struck 4.3 2080
Care described by woman as bad or very bad 5.3 2089