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Table 2 Summary of assumptions and input data

From: The cost-effectiveness of increasing alcohol taxes: a modelling study

  Dutch scenario Swedish scenario
Discount rate 4% costs and 1.5% effects 4% costs and 1.5% effects
Time horizon 100 years 100 years
Target population Current Dutch population Current Dutch population
Price increase Beer: 2.7 cents Beer: 18 cents
  Wine: no increase Wine: 134 cents
  Spirits: no increase Spirits: 951 cents
Price elasticity beer1 Normal distribution Normal distribution
  Mean: -0.35 Mean: -0.35
  Standard deviation: 0.17 Standard deviation: 0.17
Price elasticity wine1 Normal distribution Normal distribution
  Mean: -0.68 Mean: -0.68
  Standard deviation: 0.54 Standard deviation: 0.54
Price elasticity spirits1 Normal distribution Normal distribution
  Mean: -0.98 Mean: -0.98
  Standard deviation: 0.73 Standard deviation: 0.73
Market share different types of alcohol2 Beer: 44% Beer: 44%
  Wine: 33% Wine: 33%
  Spirits: 23% Spirits: 23%
Mean current price of beer in €3 Uniform distribution 0.50–2.50 Uniform distribution 0.50–2.50
Mean current price of wine in €3 Uniform distribution 5.00–15.00 Uniform distribution 5.00–15.00
Mean current price of spirits in €3 Uniform distribution 10.00–25.00 Uniform distribution 10.00–25.00
Costs of intervention None None
Health-care costs Depend on age and disease status Depend on age and disease status
Quality-adjusted life-years Depends on age and disease status Depends on age and disease status
  1. 1Mean and standard deviation estimated using individual country estimates presented in Clements et al [9].
  2. 2Derived from Cnossen [3].
  3. 3Minimum based on supermarket prices, maximum based on catering industry.