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Table 3 Predictors of loss to follow-up (LTFU) among diabetic patients* (n = 3,953) by logistic regression analysis

From: Treating 4,000 diabetic patients in Cambodia, a high-prevalence but resource-limited setting: a 5-year study

Factors LTFU cases/patients, (%) OR 95% CI P value aOR† 95% CI P value
Sex (n = 3,953):        
Male 430/1,332 (32.3) 1.0    1.0   
Female 731/2,621 (27.9) 0.81 0.70 to 0.94 0.004 0.79 0.67 to 0.93 0.005
Age, years (n = 3952):        
≥39 118/384 (30.7) 1.0    1.0   
40 to 49 242/1,056 (22.9) 0.67 0.52 to 0.87 0.003 0.72 0.54 to 0.98 0.034
50 to 59 389/1,395 (27.9) 0.87 0.68 to 1.11 0.27 1.02 0.77 to 1.36 0.878
≥60 412/1,117 (36.9) 1.32 1.02 to 1.69 0.03 1.54 1.15 to 2.05 0.004
Type of diabetes
(n = 3953):
       
Type 1 20/42 (47.6) 1.0    1.0   
Type 2 1,141/3,911 (29.2) 0.45 0.25 to 0.83 0.01 0.50 0.25 to 1.01 0.053
Origin (n = 3952):        
District of clinic 460/1,641 (28.0) 1.0    1.0   
Other districts 391/1,473 (26.5) 0.93 0.79 to 1.09 0.35 1.01 0.84 to 1.21 0.88
Outside province 310/838 (37.0) 1.51 1.26 to 1.80 <0.001 1.68 1.38 to 2.06 <0.001
Last BMI, kg/m2, (n = 3901):        
<23.0 581/1,708 (34.0) 1.0    1.0   
≥23.0 547/2,193 (24.9) 0.64 0.56 to 0.74 <0.001 0.70 0.60 to 0.82 <0.001
Last RBG, mg/dl (n = 3659):        
<180 330/1,688 (19.6) 1.0    1.0   
≥180 621/1,971 (31.5) 1.89 1.62 to 2.21 <0.001 1.81 1.54 to 2.13 <0.001
Last consultation (n = 3927):        
Not late 686/2,960 (23.2) 1.0    1.0   
Late 474/967 (49.0) 3.19 2.74 to 3.71 <0.001 2.72 2.29 to 3.24 <0.001
  1. *Included are all patients who initiated treatment between March 2002 and February 2008 and who attended at least two consultations.
  2. †All factors with P value < 0.05 in univariate analysis were included in the multivariable regression model. P value for the likelihood ratio test for the model was <0.001.
  3. aOR = adjusted odds ratio; BMI = body mass index; CI = confidence interval; OR = odds ratio; RBG = random blood glucose.