Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics of included trials: Short-term trialsa

From: How large are the nonspecific effects of acupuncture? A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Trial Clinical problem Sample size
(% dropout)
Concealment Outcome used for meta-analysis Intervention details Standard basic care in all groups
Cabrini et al. [41] Bronchoscopy 48
(0)
Unclear VAS discomfort after bronchoscopy N:1
D:20
T:-
Ac:C CA
S:I C 1
Lidocaine as needed
Dundee et al. [43] Perioperative nausea (minor gynecologic operations) 75
(0)
Unclear Number of patients vomiting N:1
D:5
T:-
Ac:C CA
S:I C 1
Premedication 10 mg nalbophine
Fanti et al. [45] Colonoscopy 30
(0)
Unclear Satisfaction with sedation using a verbal rating scale N:1
D:4
T:-
Ac:C EA
S:I C 1
Midazolam 0.02 mg/kg before and during colonoscopyb
Gioia et al. [48] Sedation during cataract surgery 75
(0)
Unclear Postoperative anxiety evaluation (VAS) N:1
D:60
T:-
Ac:C CA
S:I C 1
Topical eye anesthesia (lidocaine 4%)
Karst et al. [50] Anxiety and tooth extraction 48
(0)
Unclear VAS anxiety N:1
D:25
T:-
Ac:C EarA
S:II C 1
Local anesthesia (articaine hydrochloride)
Li et al. [55] Colonoscopy 36
(0)
Unclear VAS pain intensity N:1
D:30
T:-
Ac:C EA
S:I C 1
Routine analgesia and sedation as needed
Rusy et al. [62] Postoperative nausea after tonsillectomy 120
(0)
Unclear Incidence of nausea, vomiting, rescue therapy in first 24 hours N:1
D:20
T:-
Ac:C EA
S:I C 2
Standardized anesthesia, analgesia as needed
Ziaei & Hayipour [69] Pain reduction and relaxation during labor 90
(unclear)
Unclear VAS pain after 2 hours N:1
D:n.i..
T:-
Ac:C CA
S:I C 1
Unclear
  1. aSee Table 1 footnotes for definitions of abbreviations. bClassified as intense cointervention likely to influence the outcome.