Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Existing literature evidence related to pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain.

From: Pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain: an update

Keywords Number of studies Focus of journals,a n Era of publications Origin of publicationsb
"Pelvic arthropathy" 8 [69, 71, 100, 111, 158161] Gen Med, 2 [159, 161] Obstetr, 5 [69, 71, 100, 111, 160] Physioth, 1 [158] <1985, 6 [69, 100, 158161] 1985-1995, 1 [71] 1996-2005, 1 [111] >2005, 0 ESP, 1 [160] GER, 1 [100] RSA, 1 [161] UK, 5 [69, 71, 111, 158, 159]
"Osteitis pubis" 9 [1, 3, 24, 99, 109, 162165] Gen Med, 2 [164, 165] Gen Surg, 1 [1] Orthop, 1 [109] Radiology, 1 [24] Rheumat, 2 [99, 163] Urology, 2 [3, 162] <1985, 5 [1, 3, 162164] 1985-1995, 2 [99, 165] 1996-2005, 1 [109] >2005, 1 [24] BRA, 1 [163] FRA, 2 [1, 3] POL, 1 [164] TUR, 1 [24] UK, 1 [109] USA, 3 [99, 162, 165]
"Pelvic insufficiency" 6 [65, 66, 166169] Gen Med, 2 [66, 168] Obstetr, 3 [65, 166, 167] Rheumat, 1 [169] <1985, 4 [65, 66, 166, 167] 1985-1995, 2 [168, 169] 1996-2005, 0 >2005, 0 DEN, 2 [168, 169] NED, 1 [66] SWE, 3 [65, 166, 167]
"Pelvic relaxation pain" 23 [2, 6163, 73, 75, 80, 84, 106, 170183] Gen Med, 9 [62, 63, 75, 170, 175, 178, 180, 181, 183] Obstetr, 12 [2, 61, 73, 80, 84, 106, 172174, 176, 177, 182] Orthop, 1 [171] Rheumat, 1 [179] <1985, 9 [2, 170177] 1985-1995, 8 [62, 63, 75, 178181, 183] 1996-2005, 6 [61, 73, 80, 84, 106, 182] >2005, 0 AUS, 1 [84] CZE, 1 [174] DEN, 5 [61, 73, 80, 106, 171] ESP, 1 [170] NOR, 7 [62, 63, 178181, 183] NZ, 1 [175] TUR, 1 [182] UK, 1 [75] USA, 5 [2, 172, 173, 176, 177]
"Pelvic instability" 19 [15, 16, 64, 93, 154, 155, 184196] Gen Med, 4 [154, 186, 193, 195] Nursing, 5 [184, 185, 187189] Obstetr, 6 [64, 93, 190192, 196] Orthop, 3 [15, 16, 155] Psych, 1 [194] <1985, 7 [155, 184189] 1985-1995, 7 [64, 93, 154, 190193] 1996-2005, 2 [194, 196] >2005, 3 [15, 16, 195] AUS, 1 [195] DEN, 7 [155, 184189] NED, 3 [64, 93, 194] NOR, 4 [190193] SWE, 1 [196] UK, 1 [16] USA, 2 [15, 154]
"Pelvic girdle pain" or "Pelvic pain" 61 [5, 914, 22, 34, 39, 40, 4648, 50, 51, 53, 77, 81, 83, 86, 88, 91, 92, 110, 127, 133, 134, 197218, 17, 26, 37, 38, 41, 49, 107, 219222] Anesth, 1 [92] Gen Med, 12 [14, 38, 49, 197, 198, 201, 202, 205, 212214, 219] Obstetr, 21 [5, 10, 11, 17, 22, 26, 37, 39, 41, 47, 88, 91, 107, 204, 207, 208, 210, 211, 215, 217, 220] Orthop, 2 [206, 218] Physioth, 7 [9, 12, 46, 48, 81, 134, 199] Radiology, 1 [222] Spine, 17 [13, 34, 40, 50, 51, 53, 77, 83, 86, 110, 127, 133, 200, 203, 209, 216, 221] <1985, 1 [204] 1985-1995, 1 [205] 1996-2005, 29 [77, 83, 86, 88, 91, 107, 110, 133, 134, 197200, 206221] >2005, 30 [5, 914, 17, 22, 26, 34, 3741, 4651, 53, 81, 92, 127, 201203, 222] AUS, 3 [38, 81, 199] CAN, 1 [37] CHN, 1 [53] DEN, 8 [5, 86, 88, 107, 209, 212, 213, 219] FRA, 1 [91] IND, 1 [214] IRAN, 1 [34] MEX, 1 [204] NED, 15 [40, 41, 4750, 77, 83, 110, 134, 198, 216218, 221] NOR, 7 [14, 22, 39, 46, 51, 133, 200] RSA, 1 [207] SWE, 11 [1013, 17, 26, 127, 201, 210, 211, 220] UK, 4 [92, 197, 202, 208] USA, 6 [9, 203, 205, 206, 215, 222]
"Posterior pelvic pain" 19 [6, 23, 52, 58, 87, 89, 95, 96, 101104, 123, 223228] Gen Med, 2 [226, 227] Nursing, 1 [6] Obstetr, 4 [23, 52, 225, 228] Spine, 12 [58, 87, 89, 95, 96, 101104, 123, 223, 224] <1985, 0 1985-1995, 5 [96, 104, 225227] 1996-2005, 11 [58, 87, 89, 95, 101103, 123, 223, 224, 228] >2005, 3 [6, 23, 52] AUS, 1 [103] JAP, 1 [6] NED, 7 [101, 102, 223, 224, 226228] SWE, 6 [58, 87, 89, 95, 96, 104] UK, 1 [23] USA, 3 [52, 123, 225]
"Low back pain" 38 [2832, 44, 59, 68, 70, 78, 79, 97, 115, 125, 126, 128132, 138, 142, 144148, 156, 157, 229237] Anesth, 1 [232] Gen Med, 8 [29, 32, 59, 125, 128, 132, 146, 233] Obstetr, 15 [28, 68, 70, 126, 129131, 145, 147, 156, 230, 231, 234, 236, 237] Physioth, 1 [44] Radiology, 2 [115, 148] Rheumat, 3 [138, 144, 229] Spine, 8 [30, 31, 78, 79, 97, 142, 157, 235] <1985, 2 [70, 144] 1985-1995, 3 [78, 145, 146] 1996-2005, 20 [59, 68, 97, 115, 126, 128131, 138, 142, 147, 148, 156, 157, 229233] >2005, 13 [2832, 44, 79, 125, 132, 234237] AUS, 2 [145, 236] CAN, 2 [115, 125] FIN, 1 [138] GER, 1 [148] HK, 1 [156] NED, 3 [142, 234, 237] NOR, 4 [70, 129, 157, 229] SWE, 15 [2832, 59, 68, 79, 97, 126, 130132, 231, 232] TAI, 1 [128] TUR, 2 [230, 235] UK, 2 [144, 233] USA, 4 [44, 78, 146, 147]
"Lumbopelvic pain" 7 [19, 33, 35, 36, 43, 238, 239] Biomech, 1 [43] Obstetr, 2 [33, 36] Physioth, 4 [19, 35, 238, 239] <1985, 0 1985-1995, 0 1996-2005, 0 >2005, 7 [19, 33, 35, 36, 43, 238, 239] CAN, 1 [239] NOR, 2 [33, 238] SWE, 3 [19, 36, 43] USA, 1 [35]
"Symphysis pubis dysfunction" or "SPD" 9 [25, 76, 85, 94, 105, 137, 153, 240, 241] Anesth, 1 [137] Nursing, 3 [85, 105, 240] Obstetr, 4 [25, 76, 153, 241] Physioth, 1 [94] <1985, 0 1985-1995, 0 1996-2005, 6 [85, 105, 137, 153, 240, 241] >2005, 3 [25, 76, 94] NZ, 1 [94] UK, 8 [25, 76, 85, 105, 137, 153, 240, 241]
"Pregnancy related pelvic girdle pain" or "PPGP" 10 [4, 7, 18, 20, 21, 27, 60, 82, 242, 243] Gen Med, 2 [7, 242] Obstetr, 2 [82, 243] Orthop, 1 [27] Spine, 5 [4, 18, 20, 21, 60] <1985, 0 1985-1995, 0 1996-2005, 1 [60] >2005, 9 [4, 7, 18, 20, 21, 27, 82, 242, 243] DEN, 2 [7, 243] NED, 5 [4, 27, 60, 82, 242] SWE, 3 [18, 20, 21]
Total, n (%) 209 Anesth, 3 (1.4%) Biomech, 1 (0.5%) Gen Med, 43 (20.6%) Gen Surg, 1 (0.5%) Nursing, 9 (4.3%) Obstetr, 74 (35.4%) Orthop, 8 (3.8%) Physioth, 14 (6.7%) Psych, 1 (0.5%) Radiology, 4 (1.9%) Rheumat, 7 (3.3%) Spine, 42 (20.1%) Urology, 2 (1.0%) <1985, 34 (16.3%) 1985-1995, 29 (13.9%) 1996-2005, 77 (36.8%) >2005, 69 (33.0%) AUS, 8 (3.8%) BRA, 1 (0.5%) CAN, 4 (1.9%) CHN, 1 (0.5%) CZE, 1 (0.5%) DEN, 24 (11.5%) ESP, 2 (1.0%) FIN, 1 (0.5%) FRA, 3 (1.4%) GER, 2 (1.0%) HK, 1 (0.5%) IND, 1 (0.5%) IRAN, 1 (0.5%), JAP, 1 (0.5%) MEX, 1 (0.5%) NED, 34 (16.3%) NOR, 24 (11.5%) NZ, 2 (1.0%) POL, 1 (0.5%) RSA, 2 (1.0%) SWE, 42 (20.1%) THA, 1 (0.5%) TUR, 4 (1.9%) UK, 23 (11.0%) USA, 24 (11.5%)
  1. The search engine PubMed was utilised for a query (performed 20 January 2010) on the title of the studies, using as keywordsa the different terms used in the past to describe the syndrome and as an additional keyword the word "pregnancy" at any of the other fields of the studies. Studies that included more than one different term were inserted once in the table. Underlined are the three most common representatives of each category (that is, "focus of publishing journals" and "origin of publications")
  2. aAbbrfeviations of journal subject areas: Anesth, anaesthesiology; Gen Med, general medicine-internal medicine; Gen Surg, general surgery; Obstetr, gynaecology and obstetrics; Orthop; trauma and orthopaedics; Physioth, physiotherapy and rehabilitation; Psych, psychiatry; Rheumat, rheumatology; bAbbreviations of countries: AUS, Australia; BRA, Brazil; CAN, Canada; CHN, China; CZE, Czech Republic; DEN, Denmark; ESP, Spain; FIN, Finland; FRA, France; GER, Germany; HK, Hong Kong; IND, India; JAP, Japan; MEX, Mexico; NED, The Netherlands; NOR, Norway; NZ, New Zealand; POL, Poland; RSA, South Africa; SWE, Sweden; THA, Thailand; TUR, Turkey; UK, United Kingdom; USA, United States of America.