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Table 5 Overview of extracted descriptive study data for the discipline Music

From: Best practice for motor imagery: a systematic literature review on motor imagery training elements in five different disciplines

Reference First author Year Country Language Study duration, days Intervention duration, days Study design Study groups Number of participants Participants Gender Age, years Body part Training task Focus Measurement events Results Study rating
                  Relative change Absolute change  
[127] Coffman, DD 1990 USA E 1 1 CCT 8 2 Musicians Both Mean = 23, range 18 to 58 Upper limb Piano-playing performance M 2 (pre-post-test) 5/10
[128] Ross, SL 1985 USA E 1 1 RCT 5 51 Trombonists Both Mean = 22, range 18 to 29 Upper limb Trombone-playing performance M 2 (pre-post-test) 7/10
[129] Rubin-Rabson, G 1941 USA E 168 999 CCT 3 13 Piano teachers NSt range 21 to 25 Upper limb Piano-playing performance, memorising new études M 3 (during int., post-test) 4/10
[130] Sonnen-schein, I 1990 DE G 3 3 CS N/A 20 Piano players Both Mean = 33, range 14 to 51 Upper limb Piano-playing performance M 2 (pre-post-test) N/A 4/11
[131] Theiler, T 1995 USA E 1 1 CCT 4 14 Music students: guitar majors, voice majors NSt. Range 19 to 29 Upper limb Guitar-playing + vocal performances M 2 (pre-post-test) 5/10