Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 7 Overview of extracted descriptive study data for the discipline Sports

From: Best practice for motor imagery: a systematic literature review on motor imagery training elements in five different disciplines

Reference First author Year Country Language Study duration, days Intervention duration, days Study design Study groups Number of participants Participants Gender Age, years Body part Training task Focus Measurement events Results Study rating
                  Relative change Absolute change  
[182] Casby, A 1998 UK E 84 46 SCRD N/A 4 Expert swimmers Both Mean = 16, range 16 to 17 Whole body Freestyle swimming turn M 50 (pre-test, during int., post-test) N/A 8/11
[54] Grouios, G 1992 GR E 14 7 RCT 5 100 Top level athletes Male Mean = 22, range 18 to 25 Upper limb Pushing button C 2 (pre-post test) 7/10
[183] Guillot, A 2009 FR E 56 42 CS N/A 10 Basketball players Female Mean = 23 Whole body Three strategic basketball tactics C 2 (pre-post test) N/A 8/11
[55] Guillot, A 2010 FR E 999 35 RCT 2 21 Synchronised swimmers Female Mean = 15, SD 2 Whole body Stretching exercises M 2 (pre-post test) 7/10
[184] Olsson, CJ 2008 SE E 999 42 RCT 2 19 High-jump athletes Both Mean = 19 ± 3, range 16 to 29 Whole body High jump M 2 (pre-post test) 6/10
[79] Robin, N 2007 FR E 70 56 CCT 3 30 Tennis players NSt Mean = 19 ± 3 Whole body Tennis service return M 2 (pre-post test) 6/10
[185] Shambrook, CJ 1996 UK E 84 84 SCRD N/A 4 Basketball players Female Mean = 20, SD 2 Whole body Basketball free throw M 26 (pre-test, during int., post-test) N/A 9/11
[80] Smith, D 2007 UK E 999 42 RCT 4 48 University hockey players Both Mean = 20 ± 3 Whole body Field hockey penalty flicks C 2 (pre-post test) 7/10
[80] Smith, D 2007 UK E 999 42 RCT 4 40 Junior gymnasts Female Mean = 10 ± 2, range 7 to 14 Whole body Full turning straight jump C 2 (pre-post test) 8/10
[81] Smith, D 2008 UK E 999 42 RCT 4 32 Golf players Male NSt Whole body Hitting golf ball out of bunker M 2 (pre-post test) 7/10
[186] Ziemainz, H 2003 DE G 14 2 RCT 3 27 Triathletes Both Mean = 16, range 15 to 17 Whole body Changing between triathlon-specific sports M 3 (pre-post test, FU) 5/10