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Table 5 The impact of opt-out consent on organ donation rates (pmp), 2000-2012

From: An international comparison of deceased and living organ donation/transplant rates in opt-in and opt-out systems: a panel study

Type of donation Overall grand mean Opt-in consent Opt-out consent        
  (No. countries, total observations) M(SE) M(SE) Consent Year (B) GDP (B) RTA (B) Catholic (B) Legal (B) Hospital beds (B)
Deceased donors 12.11 (48, 521) 9.98 (1.30) 14.24 (1.28) t(41.24) = 2.26, P = .029 0.29*** 0.0004*** 0.01 3.19** 0.28 0.01
Living donors 7.42 (48, 459) 9.36 (0.95) 5.49 (0.94) t(41.11) = 2.89, P = .006 0.26** 0.0001* -0.002 -2.05* 1.11 -0.09**
Without Spain           
Deceased donors 11.64 (47, 508) 9.87 (1.19) 13.41 (1.19) t(39.99) = 2.06, P = .046 0.29*** 0.0004*** 0.01 2.59* 0.07 0.02
Living donors 7.47 (47, 448) 9.33 (0.95) 5.60 (0.97) t(40.14) = 2.75, P = .009 0.26** 0.0001* -0.002 -1.97* 1.13 -0.09**
  1. Table contains estimated means and standard errors. *P < .05, **P < .01, and ***P < .001. Consent scored -1 = opt-in, 1 = opt-out, Legal scored -1 = common law, 1 = civil law, Catholic scored -1 = -25%, 0 = > 25% to75%, 1 = >75%, continuous level-two variables (GDP, RTA and hospital beds) were grand mean centered. Coefficients are all unstandardized. GDP, gross domestic product; RTA, road traffic accidents.