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Table 5 Multivariable analysis of past-year fall-related injury and disability stratified by age group, pooled countries, SAGE Wave 1, 2007–2010

From: Prevalence, risk factors and disability associated with fall-related injury in older adults in low- and middle-incomecountries: results from the WHO Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE)

  50–59 years 60–69 years 70–79 years 80+ years
Covariates Coeff. 95 % CI Coeff. 95 % CI Coeff. 95 % CI Coeff. 95 % CI
Fall-related injury (reference: none)         
 Yes 2.49* 0.38,4.60 5.77 3.18,8.26 9.30 5.47,13.13 11.65* 5.01,18.30
Sex (reference: males)         
 Female 2.92 2.31,3.54 3.11 2.20,4.02 3.13 1.89,4.36 5.18 2.55,7.82
Residence (reference: urban)         
 Rural 2.27 1.16,3.37 2.83 1.74,3.93 4.53 2.82,6.24 9.35 6.29,12.42
Chronic conditions (reference: none)         
 One 4.38 2.31,5.15 5.65 4.69,6.60 4.06 2.45,5.68 6.69 3.48,9.89
 Two or more 11.15 9.50,12.79 12.54 10.93,14.16 11.82 10.03,13.61 14.68 10.50,18.87
Wealth quintile (Reference: poor)         
 Second poorest −2.24* −3.59,-0.89 −2.39* −3.90,-0.87 −3.31* −5.64,-0.98 −2.52 −6.13,1.09
 Mid −2.93 −4.29,-1.57 −2.80* −4.42,-1.19 −3.45* −5.51,-1.39 −3.37 −7.56,0.81
 Second highest −3.50 −4.87,-2.12 −4.57 −6.17,-2.96 −6.26 −8.27,-4.26 −2.84 −7.17,1.49
 Highest (wealthiest) −5.58 −6.91,-4.26 −7.56 −9.30,-5.82 −9.01 −11.28,-6-73 −5.85* −10.29,-1.41
Country (reference: China)         
 Ghana 8.48 7.27,9.69 12.63 10.87,14.39 14.83 12.91,16.74 13.82 10.31,17.32
 India 15.05 13.69,16.41 17.77 16.22,19.32 18.75 16.59,20.92 19.60 15.52,23.68
 Mexico 5.80* 1.89,9.72 7.11 5.49,8.72 5.37 * 1.21,9.53 9.23 5.30,13.16
 Russian Federation 4.26 2.58,5.95 7.12 4.88,9.36 11.83 8.24,15.42 15.69 10.34,21.04
 South Africa 9.35 7.97,10.74 12.99 10.90,15.08 14.16 10.91,17.40 14.33 9.19,19.47
Constant 4.81 3.44,6.18 6.46 4.82,8.10 11.95 9.87,14.04 14.52 11.26,17.78
R-squared 0.3922   0.3910   0.3342   0.3318  
  1. Coeff.=coefficient. CI=confidence interval. Pooled country weights applied. Bold= statistical significance P<0.0001. *indicates 0.0001<P<0.05 statistical significance