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Table 2 Characteristics (mean [SD] or percentage) of participants according to extreme quintiles of different diet quality scores

From: A longitudinal analysis of diet quality scores and the risk of incident depression in the SUN Project

  Mediterranean Pro-vegetarian Alternative Healthy Eating Index-2010
Diet Score Dietary Pattern
0–<3 6–9 Q1 Q5 Q1 Q5
(n = 2,512) (n = 3,427) (n = 3,018) (n = 3,019) (n = 3,018) (n = 3,018)
Age (years) 34.4 42.2 35.4 41.9 35.1 42.7
Male gender (%) 39.6 45.5 43.1 43.2 46.0 38.4
Marital status married (%) 44.6 58.8 47.0 57.7 46.1 57.8
Unemployed (%) 4.6 2.8 4.9 2.7 4.2 2.8
Smoking status (%)       
 Ex-smoker 22.8 35.6 25.1 34.3 23.8 37.0
 Current smoker 21.3 19.5 24.7 17.2 24.9 16.1
Use of vitamin supplements       
Supplementsa (%) 2.5 1.9 2.1 1.9 1.9 2.1
Special diet at baseline (%) 4.9 9.5 6.1 10.5 4.6 13.0
Post-menopauseb (%) 6.5 16.6 6.7 17.4 6.4 19.3
Prevalence of diseases (%)       
 CVD 2.6 5.3 3.1 5.4 3.3 5.4
 Cancer 3.0 4.6 3.0 4.1 2.5 4.7
 T2DM 0.9 2.3 1.2 1.7 0.8 2.8
 HTA 4.8 10.1 5.4 9.6 5.7 9.8
 Dyslipidaemia 13.2 23.9 13.4 24.2 15.0 23.1
 Obesity 4.1 4.7 4.7 4.1 5.0 3.8
Body mass index (kg/m2) 23.2 23.8 23.5 23.6 23.5 23.6
Energy intake (kcal/d) 2204 2512 2441 2361 2429 2254
Physical activity during leisure-time (METs-h/w) 18.4 25.3 20.3 23.7 19.1 25.0
Alcohol intake (drinks/d) 4.1 9.3 6.9 6.6 8.0 6.1
Mediterranean Diet Score 1.6 6.5 3.0 5.7 3.0 5.6
Pro-vegetarian Dietary Pattern 31.6 40.1 29.4 43.5 32.4 40.1
AHEI-2010 49.5 65.6 51.3 65.7 44.6 72.6
  1. Abbreviations: AHEI Alternative Healthy Eating Index, CVD cardiovascular disease, HTA hypertension, METs metabolic equivalents, Q1,Q5 Quintile1, Quintile5, SD standard deviation, T2DM type 2 diabetes mellitus
  2. aUse of at least one of the following vitamin supplements: A, B1, B2, B3, B6, folic acid, B12, C, D or E
  3. b8,847 women were included