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Table 1 Examples of reporting guidelines available for peer reviewers assessing systematic reviews

From: Optimal strategies to consider when peer reviewing a systematic review and meta-analysis

Type of systematic review

Helpful reporting guideline for peer reviewing

Systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials evaluating healthcare interventions

The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) [22]; hundreds of biomedical journals endorse PRISMA

Systematic reviews of observational studies

Meta-analysis of observational studies in epidemiology (MOOSE) [23]

Systematic reviews involving psychological interventions

The Meta-Analysis Reporting Standards (MARS) guidance [24]; The American Psychological Association endorses MARS.

Synthesis of qualitative studies

The ENhancing Transparency in REporting the synthesis of Qualitative research (ENTREQ) [25]

Realist reviews

Realist And Meta-narrative Evidence Synthesis – Evolving Standards (RAMESES) for reviewing meta-narrative reviews and realist reviews [26, 27]