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Fig. 1 | BMC Medicine

Fig. 1

From: HbA1c levels in non-diabetic older adults – No J-shaped associations with primary cardiovascular events, cardiovascular and all-cause mortality after adjustment for confounders in a meta-analysis of individual participant data from six cohort studies

Fig. 1

Dose-response relationship of meta-analyzed associations of HbA1c levels with (a) all-cause mortality, (b) cardiovascular mortality and (c) cardiovascular outcomes in subjects without diabetes mellitus with increasing adjustment for potential confounders. Crosses, point estimates of “simple” model; circles with 95 % confidence intervals, effect estimates of “full” model. Reference group: HbA1c 5.0 to <5.5 % (31 to <37 mmol/mol)

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