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Table 4 Multivariable comparison of risk factors between white and black stroke populations

From: Differences in the distribution of stroke subtypes in a UK black stroke population – final results from the South London Ethnicity and Stroke Study

  Black vs. White Black Caribbean vs. White Black African vs. White Black Caribbean vs. Black African
OR (95 % CI) P OR (95 % CI) P OR (95 % CI) P OR (95 % CI) P
Age 0.95 (0.94–0.96) <0.001 0.96 (0.95–0.97) <0.001 0.93 (0.92–0.95) <0.001 1.05 (1.04–1.07) <0.001
Male sex 1.81 (1.42–2.31) <0.001 1.53 (1.18–1.98) 0.001 2.35 (1.59–3.47) <0.001 0.50 (0.37–0.67) <0.001
Hypertension 2.94 (2.16–4.00) <0.001 2.55 (1.83–3.53) <0.001 3.94 (2.39–6.47) <0.001 0.59 (0.39–0.88) 0.01
Diabetes 2.54 (1.97–3.28) <0.001 2.74 (2.10–3.58) <0.001 1.91 (1.28–2.85) 0.002 1.10 (0.83–1.46) 0.50
Hypercholesterolaemia 0.66 (0.52–0.83) <0.001 0.64 (0.50–0.83) <0.001 0.75 (0.52–1.09) 0.13 1.04 (0.79–1.37) 0.76
Smoking 0.27 (0.21–0.35) <0.001 0.36 (0.27–0.46) <0.001 0.14 (0.09–0.20) <0.001 3.98 (2.93–5.41) <0.001
Body mass index 1.03 (1.00–1.07) 0.04 1.03 (1.01–1.06) 0.01 1.04 (1.01–1.08) 0.01 1.01 (0.99–1.04) 0.32
Ischaemic heart disease 0.73 (0.54–0.98) 0.04 0.72 (0.52–0.99) 0.05 0.68 (0.41–1.14) 0.14 0.96 (0.62–1.49) 0.87
Peripheral vascular disease 0.73 (0.47–1.14) 0.16 0.71 (0.44–1.15) 0.17 0.71 (0.31–1.61) 0.41 0.95 (0.46–1.96) 0.89
Atrial fibrillation 0.53 (0.39–0.70) <0.001 0.54 (0.40–0.74) <0.001 0.49 (0.30–0.81) 0.006 0.97 (0.63–1.48) 0.87
Townsend deprivation index 1.61 (1.53–1.68) <0.001 1.61 (1.53–1.69) <0.001 1.69 (1.57–1.82) <0.001 0.91 (0.87–0.95) <0.001
  1. Odds ratios (OR) and P values for each risk factor were obtained using multivariable logistic regression analyses entering all variables in the model simultaneously
  2. CI, Confidence interval