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Table 4 Comparison of population attributable fractions (%, 95 % CI) from the Global Burden of Diseases analysis with those from the present EPIC analysis

From: Modifiable causes of premature death in middle-age in Western Europe: results from the EPIC cohort study

  GBD EPIC
Tobacco smoking 25 (22–27) 31 (31–32)
Dietary risks 23 (21–26) 14 (12–16)
High blood pressure 15 (13–17) 9 (7–11)
High body mass index 14 (12–15) 3 (2–5)
High waist-to-hip ratio 10 (8–12)
Physical inactivity and low physical activity 9 (8–11) 7 (5–9)
High alcohol use 8 (7–9) 4 (3–4)
  1. Estimates from the GBD are taken from the website http://vizhub.healthdata.org/gbd-compare. They are the estimated attributable fractions for death in Western Europe for the age range 50–69 years for each risk factor