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Table 4 Multivariate analyses of facility determinants of efficiency pooled by country (A) and platform (B)

From: The potential to expand antiretroviral therapy by improving health facility efficiency: evidence from Kenya, Uganda, and Zambia

Covariate Kenya Uganda Zambia
β P 95 % CI β P 95 % CI β P 95 % CI
Platform 0 beds          
  1–15 beds 0.51* 0.050 (0.00 to 1.01) 0.63* < 0.001 (0.30 to 0.93) 0.63* 0.026 (0.10 to 1.19)
  16–50 beds 0.04 0.914 (–0.70 to 0.75) 0.43* 0.025 (0.10 to 0.80) 0.22 0.468 (–0.40 to 0.83)
  > 50 beds a a a 1.50* < 0.001 (0.70 to 2.29) 1.02* 0.048 (0.00 to 2.03)
Facility location Urban          
  Rural 0.01 0.961 (–0.50 to 0.51) 0.03 0.864 (–0.30 to 0.34) –0.04 0.861 (–0.60 to 0.46)
Facility ownership Private          
  Public 0.41 0.212 (–0.20 to 1.05) 0.78* 0.002 (0.30 to 1.26) 0.57 0.056 (–0.01 to 1.16)
Facility regularly holds administrative meetings No          
  Yes 0.17 0.570 (–0.40 to 0.77) 0.14 0.586 (–0.40 to 0.67) 0.43 0.304 (–0.40 to 1.27)
Facility connection to functional electricity No          
  Yes –0.17 0.640 (–0.90 to 0.56) –0.18 0.219 (–0.50 to 0.11) –0.33 0.138 (–0.80 to 0.11)
Facility holds training sessions No          
  Yes –0.46 0.172 (–1.10 to 0.20) –0.17 0.189 (–0.40 to 0.08) 0.70 0.094 (–0.10 to 1.53)
Log of facility catchment population   0.16 0.103 (– 0.01 to 0.35) 0.22 < 0.001 (0.10 to 0.32) 0.20 0.103 (–0.02 to 0.45)
Fraction of FTEs absent   –0.94 0.105 (–2.10 to 0.20) –0.18 0.477 (–0.70 to 0.32) 0.59 0.410 (–0.80 to 2.00)
Fraction of FTEs staffed by nurses   –0.39 0.597 (–1.80 to 1.06) –0.03* 0.937 (–0.70 to 0.68) 0.24 0.672 (–0.90 to 1.35)
Fraction of FTEs staffed by doctors   –0.83 0.816 (–7.90 to 6.26) 3.40* 0.003 (1.20 to 5.60) –3.92 0.068 (–8.10 to 0.29)
Fraction of FTEs staffed by volunteer or externally funded personnel   0.40 0.354 (–0.50 to 1.27) –0.28 0.322 (–0.80 to 0.28) –0.60* 0.047 (–1.20 to –0.01)
  1. * Statistically significant
  2. aAll facilities had the same value for the given covariate
  3. CI, confidence interval; FTE, full-time equivalent