Skip to main content

Table 2 Resident characteristics, treatment, and mortality

From: Improving comfort in people with dementia and pneumonia: a cluster randomized trial

  Pre-intervention phase Intervention phase
Characteristics All (n = 399) Control (n = 98) Intervention (n = 112) Control (n = 80) Intervention (n = 109)
Demographics
 Female, % (n) 57.9 (231) 62.2 (61) 54.5 (61) 67.5 (54)2 50.5 (55)2
 Age, mean (SD) 84.2 (7.6) 84.3 (7.3) 85.6 (6.3)1 83.7 (8.4) 83.3 (8.1)1
Length of stay, months, median (interquartile range) 18 (30) 17 (29) 23 (32) 1 22 (38) 2 12 (27) 1, 2
Dementia type, % (n)
 Alzheimer’s 37.8 (151) 34.7 (34) 36.6 (41) 41.2 (33) 39.4 (43)
 Vascular 21.1 (84) 21.4 (21) 21.4 (24) 21.2 (17) 20.2 (22)
 Mixed 15.3 (61) 12.2 (12)2 23.2 (26)2, 1 12.5 (10) 11.9 (13)1
 Other 8.3 (33) 7.1 (7) 7.1 (8) 3.8 (3)2 13.8 (15)2
 Unknown 17.6 (70) 24.5 (24)2 11.6 (13)2 21.2 (17) 14.7 (16)
Dementia severity, mean BANS-S score, mean (SD) 16.1 (4.6) 15.7 (4.7) 16.6 (4.8) 15.9 (4.6) 16.0 (4.5)
Full ADL dependency, % (n) 15.1 (55) 15.1 (13) 18.0 (18)1 20.5 (16)2 8.0 (8)1, 2
Dressing 44.5 (165) 45.3 (39) 52.5 (53)1 42.9 (33) 37.0 (37)1
Walking 35.8 (129) 38.1 (32) 39.8 (39) 37.2 (29) 29.0 (29)
Eating 22 (81) 21.6 (19) 28.4 (29)1 24.4 (19) 14.0 (14)1
Hydration status,* dehydrated, % (n) 31.2 (123) 39.8 (39)1 30.6 (34) 24.4 (19)1 29.0 (31)
Clinical judgment of illness severity (range 1–9), mean (SD) 5.3 (1.5) 5.3 (1.3) 5.6 (1.5) 5.2 (1.4) 5.3 (1.6)
Prognostic score (range 0–31), mean (SD) 14.2 (5.4) 14.7 (5.6) 14.0 (5.5) 14.2 (5.9) 13.9 (5.3)
Comfort goal, % (n) 62.2 (248) 62.2 (61) 63.4 (71) 67.5 (54) 56.9 (62)
Antibiotic treatment, % (n) 87.1 (344) 89.8 (88) 88.3 (89) 82.1 (64) 86.9 (93)
Observed non-pharmacological measures** 52.9 (211) 52.0 (51) 49.1 (55) 62.5 (50) 50.5 (55)
Death within 14 days 20.2 (80) 24.7 (24) 17.1 (19) 18.8 (15) 20.2 (22)
Death within 6 months 43.6 (154) 44.6 (41) 36.9 (41) 44.9 (31) 40.6 (41)
  1. *Hydration status as judged by the attending physician; “mildly dehydrated,” “dehydrated,” and “severely dehydrated” were combined into “dehydrated”
  2. **Observed non-pharmacological measures during at least one observation day between day 1 and day 5 from diagnosis
  3. 1Significant difference between pre-intervention and intervention phase in control homes and intervention homes (p < 0.05)
  4. 2Significant difference between control homes and intervention homes during pre-intervention and intervention phase (p < 0.05)