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Table 2 Adjusted aassociations between eating disorders, bcorrelates and precursors amongst 5320 women: OR (95% CI) from multivariable logistic regression and mean differences (95% CI) from weighted multivariable linear regression

From: Lifetime and 12-month prevalence of eating disorders amongst women in mid-life: a population-based study of diagnoses and risk factors

  AN-R (N = 30) AN-BP (N = 41) BN (N = 55) BED (N = 61) Sub-threshold BN (N = 21) Sub-threshold BED (N = 16) Atypical AN (N = 28) Other OSFED (N = 18) PD (N = 27)
Risk factors OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
 Adopted or taken into care (N = 27) (N = 40)   (N = 59) (N = 19)   (N = 27)   (N = 26)
2.35 (0.59–9.28) 0.44 (0.06–3.39) 1.43 (0.40–5.19) 1.27 (0.16–9.88) 0.79 (0.09–7.19) 0.73 (0.01–6.01)
 Death of carer   (N = 42)        
0.83(0.22–3.16) 0.99 (0.28–3.48) 1.16 (0.44–3.10) 1.72 (0.71–4.13) 1.31 (0.26–6.69) 0.59 (0.1–5.48) 2.27 (0.68–7.59) 2.27 (0.62–8.32) 7.12** (2.32–21.85)
 Parental separation or divorce   (N = 40)    (N = 20)     
2.51(0.83–7.58) 1.06 (0.42–2.66) 2.02* (1.10–3.75) 2.01* (1.06–3.83) 1.45 (0.41–5.07) 2.49* (1.02–6.05) 0.25 (0.03–2.05) 0.85 (0.31–2.25)
 Child sexual abuse (any) (N = 28)   (N = 54) (N = 59)    (N = 27) (N = 17) (N = 25)
1.83 (0.72–4.65) 3.81*** (1.95–7.43) 4.70*** (2.60–8.50) 3.42*** (1.95–5.99) 3.23* (1.30–8.00) 8.11*** (2.74–23.94) 2.16 (0.90–5.15) 3.11 (0.77–12.60) 1.88 (0.79–4.48)
 Childhood unhappiness    (N = 54)       
2.52*** (1.19–5.34) 1.95 (0.87–4.38) 4.58*** (2.56–8.20) 3.66*** (2.01–6.68) 1.61 (0.50–5.16) 1.91 (0.52–6.96) 1.92 (0.70–5.25) 2.97 (0.98–8.99) 2.65* (1.17–6.00)
 Weighted life event score (N = 29) (N = 42)   (N = 60) (N = 22)     (N = 26)
1.05* (1.01–1.09) 1.06*** (1.03–1.08) 1.08*** (1.05–1.11) 1.08*** (1.05–1.11) 1.04* (1.00–1.07) 1.06** (1.02–1.11) 1.10*** (1.06–1.14) 1.01 (0.95–1.08) 1.04* (1.00–1.08)
 Parental bonding
  Maternal care   (N = 42) (N = 55)       
   Top quartile 0.75 (0.52–1.09) 0.84 (0.70–1.02) 0.79* (0.67–0.94) 0.90 (0.77–1.05) 0.76 (0.56–1.04) 0.85 (0.60–1.19) 1.09 (0.88–1.35) 1.17 (0.83–1.64) 0.94 (0.72–1.24)
   Bottom quartile 1.83 (0.87–3.82) 1.62 (0.75–3.51) 2.30* (1.26–4.20) 1.95* (1.03–3.68) 0.99 (0.28–3.6111) 6.73*** (2.32–19.54) 1.72 (0.63–4.65) 1.69 (0.53–5.41) 3.40* (1.52–7.58)
  Parental overprotection 1.01 (0.94–1.10) 1.09* (1.02–1.16) 1.08* (1.01–1.16) 1.13** (1.05–1.21) 1.13** (1.05–1.23) 1.02 (0.86–1.21) 1.12* (1.02–1.23) 1.10 (0.93–1.31) 1.19*** (1.10–1.29)
 Locus of control 1.05 (0.92–1.20) 1.17 (0.99–1.38) 1.05 (0.93–1.20) 1.19* (1.01–1.39) 1.20 (0.89–1.62) 1.10 (0.85–1.43) 1.15 (0.92–1.43) 1.11 (0.85–1.43) 1.11 (0.93–1.33)
 Interpersonal sensitivity    (N = 56)       (N = 26)
1.05* (1.02–1.08) 1.05*** (1.03–1.07) 1.06*** (1.04–1.08) 1.04*** (1.02–1.06) 1.03** (1.01–1.05) 1.04* (1.01–1.07) 1.04** (1.02–1.07) 0.98 (0.94–1.02) 1.02 (0.99–1.04)
Fixed factors
 WASI total IQ scorec 1.01 (0.97–1.05) 1.04* (1.01–1.07) 1.02 (0.99–1.05) 1.02 (0.98–1.06) 1.02 (0.97–1.07) 1.04 (0.97–1.10) 1.01 (0.95–1.07) 0.97 (0.93–1.01) 1.02 (0.97–1.06)
  1. *P ≤ 0.05; **P ≤ 0.001; ***P < 0.0001; 4522 women are the referent group
  2. aAll analyses are adjusted for ethnicity, age at assessment, educational status
  3. bN of women in each diagnostic group are shown in each cell if they differ from the overall N indicated in the top row
  4. cAvailable on n = 2165, adjusted for ethnicity and age at assessment
  5. AN-R anorexia nervosa-restrictive, AN-BP anorexia nervosa-binge-purge, BN bulimia nervosa, BED binge eating disorder, OSFED other specified feeding and eating disorder, PD purging disorder, WASI Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence